Scolopax rosenbergii

Scolopax rosenbergii, New Guinea Woodcock , Berkikgunung Papua

The Dusky Woodcock or Rufous Woodcock, Scolopax saturata, is a small wader. It is smaller than Eurasian Woodcock, and has much darker plumage.

This species is restricted to wet mountain forests on Sumatra and Java. It nests on a bed of moss in light undergrowth. It has a “roding” display flight like Eurasian Woodcock, but the calls are different. It can be very tame.

The former New Guinean subspecies rosenbergii, described by Hermann Schlegel in 1871, is currently given a full species status.Scolopax-rosenbergii

Amaurornis magnirostris

Amaurornis magnirostris, Talaud Bush-hen, Kareo Talaud

The Talaud Bush-hen (Amaurornis magnirostris) is an vulnerable waterbird in the rail and crake family.

It is a recently described species from Karakelang Island in the Talaud Islands, Indonesia. It occurs in forest, scrub, and overgrown plantations.

Talaud Bush-hen is a 30.5 cm long, large, very dark and robust bush-hen. Its large headAmaurornis-magnirostris and its upperparts are dark brown, and its underparts and flanks are very dark bluish grey. The large, thick bill is pale green, and the legs are yellow, becoming more olive at the rear.

The only confirmed call of this shy species is a series of loud, low-pitched croaking barks, but it is likely that it also makes the shrieks typical of bush-hens.

The population is estimated at 2,350-9,560 individuals on Karakelang. It may also occur on neighbouring islands, but there is little forest on those, less than 20 km2 compared to 350 km2 on Karakelang.

There are two protected areas totalling 21,800 hectares, but there has been no management and these areas are threatened by agricultural encroachment, illegal logging, and fire. Trapping for food and introduced rats may also pose a threat.

Rallina forbesi

Rallina forbesi, Forbes’s Forest Crake, Mandargunung Koma

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The Forbes’s Forest Rail or Forbes’s Forest Crake (Rallina forbesi) is a species of bird in the Rallidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Sterna lunata

Sterna lunata, Spectacled Tern, Daralaut Fiji

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A close relative of the Bridled and Sooty Terns (with which it is sometimes confused), the Spectacled Tern is less common than the other members of its genus and is has been studied less. The three species, along with the Aleutian Tern were recently split into a new genus Onychoprion from Sterna (Bridge et al., 2005). They resemble the Sooty Tern but with a grey back instead of a black one. Their breast and underparts are white, and the have a black eye line from the bill to the back of the head.

Scolopax rochussenii

Scolopax rochussenii, Moluccan Woodcock, Berkikgunung Maluku

Scolopax-rochusseniiThe Moluccan Woodcock (Scolopax rochussenii), also known as Obi Woodcock, is a medium-sized, approximately 40 cm long, forest wader with long and dark bill, orange buff below and black barred upperparts. The plumage is marked with large buff spots. This species is the largest of the woodcocks, 25% bigger than Eurasian Woodcock.

An Indonesian endemic, the Moluccan Woodcock is restricted to two small islands in North Maluku. It is known from eight specimens, with the most recent collected in 1980. Nothing is known of its habits.

Due to ongoing habitat loss and limited range, the Moluccan Woodcock is evaluated as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Scolopax celebensis

Scolopax celebensis, Sulawesi Woodcock, Berkikgunung Sulawesi

Scolopax-celebensisThe Sulawesi Woodcock (Scolopax celebensis) also known as Celebes Woodcock, is a medium sized wader. It is larger and darker than Eurasian Woodcock but with small reddish spots.

This species is restricted to wet mountain forests on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Little is known of its habits.

Pluvialis fulva

Pluvialis fulva, Pacific Golden Plover, Cerek kernyut

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The Pacific Golden Plover (Pluvialis fulva) is a medium-sized plover.

The 23–26 cm long breeding adult is spotted gold and black on the crown, back and wings. Its face and neck are black with a white border and it has a black breast and a dark rump. The legs are black. In winter, the black is lost and the plover then has a yellowish face and breast, and white underparts.

It is similar to two other golden plovers, Eurasian and American. Pacific Golden Plover is smaller, slimmer and relatively longer-legged than European Golden Plover, Pluvialis apricaria, which also has white axillary (armpit) feathers. It is more similar to American Golden Plover, Pluvialis dominica, with which it was once considered conspecific (as “Lesser Golden Plover”, see Sangster et al., 2002). The Pacific Golden Plover is slimmer than the American species, has a shorter primary projection, and longer legs, and is usually yellower on the back.

The breeding habitat of Pacific Golden Plover is Arctic tundra from northernmost Asia into western Alaska. It nests on the ground in a dry open area.

This wader is migratory and winters in south Asia and Australasia. A few winter in California and Hawaii, USA. In Hawaii, the bird is known as the kolea. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.

This bird forages for food on tundra, fields, beaches and tidal flats, usually by sight. It eats insects and crustaceans and some berries.

Vanellus macropterus

Vanellus macropterus, Javan Lapwing, Trulek Jawa

The Javan Lapwing (Vanellus macropterus) also known as Javanese Lapwing and Javanese Wattled Lapwing is (or was) a wader in the lapwing family.

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This large, long-legged wader inhabited the marshes and river deltas of Java, and possibly Sumatra and Timor. It was last seen in 1940, and as it was a conspicuous species unlikely to be overlooked, it seems likely that it is extinct. However, following an unconfirmed record in 2002, the previous classification of “Critically Endangered (Possibly extinct)” was revoked, awaiting evaluation of a last thorough survey in 2005/2006.

Amaurornis isabellina

Amaurornis isabellina, Isabelline Bush-hen, Kareo Sulawesi

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The Isabelline Bush-hen (Amaurornis isabellina) also known as Sulawesi Waterhen or Isabelline Waterhen is a large, up to 40 cm long, rufous and brown rail. The term isabelline refers to the colouration. It is the largest member of the genus Amaurornis. Both sexes are similar with olive brown plumage, pale green bill, greenish brown legs and rufous below.

An Indonesian endemic, the Isabelline Waterhen is confined to grasslands near waters and lowlands of Sulawesi. The call is a loud “tak-tak-tak-tak”.

Widespread throughout its natural habitat, the Isabelline Waterhen is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Rallina mayri

Rallina mayri, Mayr’s Forest Crake, Mandargunung Mayr

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The Mayr’s Forest-rail (Rallina mayri) is a species of bird in the Rallidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.