Aepypodius bruijnii

Aepypodius bruijnii,  Waigeo Brushturkey,  Maleo Waigeo

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The Waigeo Brushturkey or Bruijn’s Brushturkey, Aepypodius bruijnii, is a large (approximately 43 cm long) brownish-black megapode with a bare red facial skin, red comb, maroon rump and chestnut brown below. There are two elongated red wattles on the back of the head and a long wattle on the foreneck. Both sexes are similar. The female has a smaller comb and no wattles.

An Indonesian endemic, Waigeo Brushturkey occurs in mountain forests on Waigeo Island of West Papua.

Previously known from less than twenty-five specimens, this little-known species was relocated in 2002. The name commemorates the Dutch merchant Anton August Bruijn.

This bird is threatened by hunting, ongoing habitat loss, small population size and a limited range. It was formerly classified as a Vulnerable species by the IUCN. But new research has shown it to be rarer than it was believed. Consequently, it was uplisted to Endangered status in 2008

Talegalla jobiensis

Talegalla jobiensis, Collared Brushturkey,  Maleo Kerah-coklat

The Collared Brushturkey or Brown-collared Brushturkey (Talegalla jobiensis) is a species of bird in the Megapodiidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.Talegalla-jobiensis

Talegalla fuscirostris

Talegalla fuscirostris, Black-billed Brushturkey, Maleo Paruh-hitam

The Black-billed Brushturkey (Talegalla fuscirostris) is a species of bird in the Megapodiidae family. It is Talegalla-fuscirostrisfound in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Talegalla cuvieri

Talegalla cuvieri, Red-billed Brushturkey, Maleo Kamur

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The Red-billed Brushturkey, Talegalla cuvieri, also known as Red-billed Talegalla or Cuvier’s Brushturkey, is a large, up to 57cm long, black megapode with bare yellow facial skin, a reddish orange bill, yellow iris, and orange feet. The head is covered with bristle-like black feathers. The sexes are similar.

An Indonesian endemic, the Red-billed Brushturkey inhabits to lowland forests on Vogelkop Peninsula, western Snow Mountains, and Misool Island of West Papua. It builds nest mound from sticks and leaves.

The scientific name commemorates the French zoologist Frédéric Cuvier.

The Red-billed Brushturkey is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Turnix sylvatica

Turnix sylvatica, Kurrichane Buttonquail, Gemak Tegalan

The Kurrichane Buttonquail, Small Buttonquail, Common Buttonquail, or Andalusian H

Turnix-sylvatica

emipode (Turnix sylvaticus) is a buttonquail, one of a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, the true quails. This species is resident from southern Spain and Africa through India and tropical Asia to Indonesia.

This tiny buttonquail is notoriously difficult to see. It is a small 15 cm long drab running bird, which avoids flying. It is a species which inhabits warm grasslands or scrub jungle and feeds on insects and seeds.

Small Buttonquail resembles a Common Quail. It has streaked sandy brown upperparts, buff underparts with black flank markings and a plain face. In flight, a whitish wingbar contrasts with the grey wing. Sexes are similar, but immature birds are more spotted below.

Painting by John Gould

The female initiates courtship and builds the ground nest. The male incubates the normally four speckled greyish eggs, and tends the young, which can run as soon as they are hatched. The nesting season is June to September. The nest is a slight pad of grass placed in a natural hollow in the ground where it is usually tucked away amongst the stems of a tuft of grass. Very occasionally the grass is bent over it in a sort of canopy.[2]

The female calls with a deep hoom-hoom-hoom and the male replies

kek-kek-kek.

Widespread throughout its large range, the Small Buttonquail is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Avoids thick forest and hilly country, and lives by preference in cornfields and stretches of grassy plain though it may also be found in any type of low herbage and open scrub jungle. It skulks and is flushed with difficulty, rising often close by one’s feet. When flushed it flies low over the ground and soon settles again, after which it is very difficult to put up a second time.

Arborophila sumatrana

Arborophila sumatrana, Sumatran Partridge, Puyuhbukit Sumatera

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The Sumatran Partridge, or Sumatran Hill Partridge, (Arborophila sumatrana) is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. It is found in highland forests in central Sumatra, Indonesia. It is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Grey-breasted Partridge (A. orientalis).

Arborophila rolli

Arborophila rolli, Roll’s Partridge , Puyuhbukit Roll

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The Roll’s Partridge (Arborophila rolli) is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. It is a monotypic species found in highland forests in northern Sumatra, Indonesia. It is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Grey-breasted Partridg

Arborophila orientalis

Arborophila orientalis, Grey-breasted Partridge, Puyuhgonggong Biasa

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The Grey-breasted Partridge (Arborophila orientalis), also known as the White-faced Hill Partridge, or Horsfield’s Hill Partridge, is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. As here defined, it is a monotypic species that is endemic to highland forests in eastern Java, Indonesia. Some authorities include the Malaysian, Roll’s and Sumatran Partridges as subspecies of the Grey-breasted Partridge. The Grey-breasted Partridge is threatened by habitat loss.

Anurophasis monorthonyx

Anurophasis monorthonyx, Snow Mountain Quail, Puyuh Jayawijaya

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The Snow Mountains Quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx), also known as the Snow Mountain Quail, is a large, approximately 28 cm (11 in) long, dark brown quail of Alpine grasslands. It is the only member of the genus Anurophasis. It has a brown plumage, a horn-coloured bill, yellow legs and a brown iris. The underparts of the female are whitish and more heavily black barred than in the male.

An Indonesian endemic, the Snow Mountains Quail is confined to New Guineas highest elevations, the Snow Mountains of Irian Jaya. This little known bird is protected only by the remoteness of its habitat, an inaccessible area at an altitude over 3,000 m (9,850 feet).

The female usually lays up to three pale brown, dark-spotted eggs in a hollow nest under the edge of a grass tussock. The diet consists mainly of seeds, flowers, leaves and other vegetable matter.

Due to its limited range and it being unprotected by Indonesian government, the Snow Mountains Quail is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Aepypodius arfakianus

Aepypodius arfakianus, Wattled Brushturkey, Maleo Gunung

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The Wattled Brushturkey (Aepypodius arfakianus) is a species of bird in the Megapodiidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.