Phalaenopsis bastianii

Phalaenopsis bastianii Bastian’s Phalaenosis

Bastian's Phalaenosis, Phalaenopsis bastianii

Phalaenopsis bastianii O.Gruss & L.Röllke 1991 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Amboinenses Sweet 1968 Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Common Name Bastian’s Phalaenosis [Son of Co-Author of Species current]

Flower Size 1 3/8″ to 1 3/4″ [3.5 to 4 cm]

Found in The Philippines in the Sulu Archipelago as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with a short stem carrying 2 to 10, obovate-elliptic, cuneate, rounded and notched apically leaves and blooms in the spring through fall on an erect to arching, 6 to 20″ [15 to 50 cm] long, branched inflorescence with each branch carrying from 2 to 7, flat, glossy flowers and is very similar to P mariae but differs in the erect inflorescence and very flat floral features of the flower of P bastianii.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis deltonii Hort. ex Gruss & Rolke 1991; Phalaenopsis bastianii forma flava Gruss & Rolke 1991

Phalaenopsis zebrina

Phalaenopsis zebrina Zebra-Like Phalaenopsis

Zebra-Like Phalaenopsis, Phalaenopsis zebrina

Phalaenopsis zebrina Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Zebrinae Pfitz 1889 Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

Common Name The Zebra-Like Phalaenopsis [refers to the barring on the sepals and petals]

Flower Size 1.4″ [3.5 cm] Fragrant

Found in Burma, Thailand, penninsular Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra at elevations around sea-level as a miniature to small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with a short stem carrying 3 to 5, oblong to obovate, broader in the apical half, narrowing below into the clasping base leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect to arcuate, simple, terete, 4″ [10 cm] long, few [5] flowered inflorescence with small, triangular, concave floral bracts carrying 2 to 3, nicely fragrant flowers open at a time.

Phalaenopsis wilsonii

Phalaenopsis wilsonii  Wilson’s Phalaenopsis

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 Wilson's Phalaenopsis, Phalaenopsis wilsonii

Phalaenopsis wilsonii Rolfe 1909 SUBGENUS Aphyllae [Sweet] E. A. Christensen 2001 Photo courtesy of Marc Flandre

Common Name Wilson’s Phalaenopsis [English Plant Collector 1800’s] – In China Hua Xi Hu Die Lan

Flower Size 1 1/2″ [4 cm] Fragrant

Found in southern Yunnan China in montane forests at elevations of 800 to 2200 meters as a miniature sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with a short stem carrying 4 to 5, [sometimes leafless or with 1 to 2 leaves at blooming] sometimes purplish, reddish abaxially when young, oblong to subelliptic leaves that blooms on an arcuate or pendant, simple, variable length to 8″ [20 cm] long, zigzag inflorescence with a few, fragrant, simultaneously opening flowers occuring in the spring.

Synonyms Kingidium wilsonii (Rolfe) O.Gruss & Roellke 1996; Phalaenopsis minior Liu 1988; Phalaenopsis wilsonii f. azurea Z.J.Liu & Z.Z.Ru 2006; Polychilos wilsonii (Rolfe) Shim 1982

Phalaenopsis viridis

Phalaenopsis viridis Green Phalaenopsis

Green Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis viridis

Phalaenopsis viridis J.J. Sm 1907 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Fuscatae Sweet 1968 Photo courtesy of Peter Zerche and His Website

Common Name The Green Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 1 1/2″ [4 cm]

A lithophyte or epiphyte from Sumatra at elevations of 700 to 1000 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with a very short stem carrying a few, oblong-obovate, narrowing towards the base, shiny green, basally clasping leaves that blooms spring on an erect to horizontal, simple or occasionally branching, to 16″ [40 cm] long, few to several flowered inflorescence with ovate acute floral bracts and carrying a flush of simultaneously opening, fleshy flowers.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis forbesii Ridl. 1925; Polychilos viridis (J.J. Sm.) Shim 1982

Phalaenopsis violacea

Phalaenopsis violacea  Violet Phalaenopsis

 Violet Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis violacea

Phalaenopsis violacea Witte 1861 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Amboinenses Sweet 1968 Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page

Common Name The Violet Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 1.4″ [3.5 cm] Fragrant

Found in the Malaya peninsula and the Island of Sumatra at elevations around 150 meters as a warm growing, pendulous epiphyte with a very short stem carrying 3 to 4, elliptical, obtuse, undulate gradually narrowing below into the basally clasping leaves that varies from the Borneo variety by being smaller leafed and with smaller flowers, as well as being easier to cross breed but the results are not as good as with the reluctant breeder from Borneo. It has extremely fragrant flowers that are borne one by one in succession on a pendant, stout, jointed, fractiflex, 4 to 5 ” [10 to 12.5 cm] long inflorescence with a flattened, zigzag rachis with several [2 to 7], successive flowers with 2 to 3 open at any one time and occuring in the spring and they are used to give fragrance in the hybridizing of Phalaeenopsis. This species requires deep shade and high humidity as well as being watered regularly and should never be allowed to dry out completely.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis violacea f. coerulea Christenson 2001; Phalaenopsis violacea f. alba (Teijsm. & Binn.) Christenson 2001; Phalaenopsis violacea var. alba Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 ; Polychilos violacea (hort. ex H. Witte) Shim 1982; Stauritis violacea [Witte] Rchb.f 1862; Stauropsis violacea Rchb. f. 1862;

Phalaenopsis venosa

Phalaenopsis venosa Veined Phalaenopsis

Veined Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis venosa

Phalaenopsis venosa Shim & Fowlie 1983 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Amboinenses Sweet 1968 Photo courtesy of Oak Hill Gardens

Common Name The Veined Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 1 1/2 to 2 1/2″ [4-6.75 cm] Fragrant

Found in the Celebes Islands in Indonesia as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte at elevations of 500 to 700 meters with 3 to 5, ligulate-elliptic, to elliptic-oblong, strongly recurved above, loosely undulating, glossy green leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an erect, 5 to 7″ [12.5 to 17.5 cm] long, simple or branched, few [3 to 5] flowered inflorescence with successive opening, unpleasantly fragrant [crushed centipede] flowers. The habitat for this species is wet year round so even water and fertilizer year round..

Synonyms Phalaenopsis venosa var ochracea Fowlie 1983; Polychilos venosa (Shim & Fowlie) Shim & Fowlie 1983

Phalaenopsis tetraspis

Phalaenopsis tetraspis Four Sheild Phalaenopsis

Four Sheild Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis tetraspis

Phalaenopsis tetraspis Rchb.f. 1868 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Zebrinae Pfitz 1889 Photo by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Fragrance Full shade Warm to Hot Spring

Common Name The Four Sheild Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 1 1/2″ to 2″ [4 to 5 cm]

Found in Sumatra, the Andaman Islands and Nicobar islands at elevations near sea level as a medium sized, hot growing epiphyte with a short stem carrying obovate, shortly acute to obtuse, gradually narrowing below to the basally clasping leaves where Spring is the blooming season on an arching, lateral, 12″ [30 cm] long, racemose or paniculate, many flowered inflorescence with a fractiflex rachis that is longer than the leaves with small triangular, concave floral bracts and 4 to 8, fleshy, glossy, fragrant flowers where they are hot to warm growing orchids that like high humidity and regular waterings year round.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis barrti King ex Hook. f. 1895; Phalaenopsis imperati ?;Phalaenopsis speciosa var tetraspis [Rchb.f] Sweet 1968; Phalaenopsis sumatrana var alba Wilson 1915; Polychilos speciosa (Rchb. f.) Shim 1982

Phalaenopsis taenialis

Phalaenopsis taenialis Bandage-Like Phalaenopsis

Bandage-Like Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis taenialis

Phalaenopsis taenialis [Lindl.] E.A Christ. & Pradham 1986 SUBGENUS Aphyllae Photo by © Heike and Phalaenopsis Website

Full shade Cool to Warm Spring

Common Name The Bandage-Like Phalaenopsis – in China Xiao Jian Nang Hu Die Lan

Flower Size 3/4″ [2 cm]

This is a miniature, warm to cool growing monopodial epiphyte is found from the western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Assam India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, southern China and Myanamar in forests on tree trunks at elevations of 1000 to 2500 meters with long, flat roots, a short stem carrying 1 to 2, oblong-elliptic, narrow pendant leaves that blooms in nature in the spring on a pedunculate, raceme to 4″ [10 cm] long, with lanceolate floral bracts giving rise to 6 to 8 flowers.

Synonyms Aerides carnosa Griff. 1851; *Aerides taeniale Lindl. 1830-40; Biermannia taenialis (Lindl.) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1951; Doritis taenialis Benth. & Hook. f. 1890; Kingidium taeniale (Lindl.) P.F. Hunt 1970; Kingiella taenialis (Lindl.) Rolfe 1917; Polychilos taenialis (Lindl.) Shim 1982

Phalaenopsis sumatrana

Phalaenopsis sumatrana Sumatran Phalaenopsis


Phalaenopsis sumatrana Korth. & Rchb. f. 1860 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Zebrinae Pfitz 1889 Photo by © Parkside Orchids Website.

Common Name The Sumatran Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 2 to 3″ [6-7.6 cm] Fragrant

Found in Sumatra, Borneo and the Malay pennisula as well as the Philippines as a medium sized, warm to hot growing epiphyte in lowland to mixed montane forests on trees and shady nooks near streams at elevations to 700 meters with a short stem completely enveloped by persistent, imbricating leaf bases carrying fleshy, obovate or oblong-elliptic, arched or pendant, acute or rounded leaves that blooms on a to 12″ [30 cm] long, ascending, several [5] to many flowered, racemose or few branched, fractiflex inflorescence with triangular floral bracts and mildly fragrant, fleshy, color variable flowers occuring in the spring through fall.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis acutifolia Linden 1886; Phalaenospsis corningiana var flava Hort. ex Fowlie 1982; Phalaenopsis paucivittata [Rchb.f] Fowlie 1985; Phalaenopsis sumatrana var paucivittatas Rchb.f 1882; Phalaenopsis sumatrana subvar. paucivittata [Rchb.f] Veitch 1891; Polychilos sumatrana [Korth & Rchb.f] Shim 1982

Phalaenopsis stuartiana

Phalaenopsis stuartiana Stuart’s Phalaenopsis

Stuart's Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis stuartiana

Phalaenopsis stuartiana Rchb.f. 1881 SUBGENUS Phalaenopsis SECTION Phalaenopsis Benth 1883 Photo courtesy of Joji Lapuz.

Common Name Stuart’s Phalaenopsis [English Orchid Gardener 1800’s]

Flower Size 2 to 3 1/2″ [5-9 cm]

From the warm humid forests of the island of Mindano in the Philippines at elevations up to 300 meters, this medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphytic species with short stems enveloped by imbricating leaf bases and carrying a few, arcuate to pendant, elliptic-oblong, fleshy, obtuse, mottled green leaves and blooms in the winter and spring on a branching, to 3′ [90 cm] long, arcuate to pendant inflorescence with ovate-cucullate bracts, that can carry up to 100, faintly fragrant flowers and is a small growing epiphyte with marbled leaves, that needs shade, humidity and even watering year round. Pot or mount these orchids while the root tips are actively growing, but take care not to damage them too much.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis schilleriana Subvar. vestalis [Rchb.f] Veitch 1891; Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. alba Roeblen 1890; Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. vestalis Rchb.f 1882; Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. stuartiana [Rchb.f] Burb.1882; Phalaenopsis stuartiana f. nobilis (Rchb.f.) Christenson 2001; Phalaenopsis stuartiana f. punctatissima (Rchb.f.) Christenson 2001; Phalaenopsis stuartiana var bella Rchb.f 1888; Phalaenopsis stuartiana var. nobilis Rchb.f. 1881 ; Phalaenopsis stuartiana var. punctatissima Rchb.f. 1882