Loriculus flosculus

Loriculus flosculus, Wallace’s Hanging Parrot,  Serindit Flores

The Wallace’s Hanging Parrot, Loriculus flosculus also known as the Flores Hanging Parrot, is a small (length: 11–12 cm) parrot endemic to the island of Flores.

This is an arboreal parrot. The male is predominantly green, with a red bill, a red spot on the throat, orange legs and dark red nape, bright red rump and uppertail-coverts. The female has the red on the throat reduced or absent.Loriculus-flosculus

This parrot qualifies as Endangered as it has a very small range and population. The main threat is habitat destruction. The current population is estimated at between 2500 and 10000.

Loriculus exilis

Loriculus exilis, Pygmy Hanging Parrot, Serindit Paruhmerah

Click to Enlarge !

Loriculus-exilis-02-800

The Pygmy Hanging Parrot, Red-billed Hanging Parrot or Green Hanging Parrot (Loriculus exilis) is a tiny species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is endemic forest, mangrove and other wooded habitats on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is overall green with a red rump and a small red chin-spot bordered by blue (the red chin-spot and blue border is reduced in the female). It occurs together with the larger Great Hanging Parrot, but unlike that species the bill of the Pygmy Hanging Parrot is red.

Loriculus sclateri

Loriculus sclateri ,  Sula Hanging-parrot,  Serindit Sula

Click to Enlarge !

Loriculus-sclateri-02-800

The Sula Hanging Parrot (Loriculus sclateri) is a small species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is endemic to forest and nearby habitats on the Banggai and Sula Islands in Indonesia.

The Sula Hanging Parrot has sometimes been treated as a subspecies of the Moluccan Hanging Parrot, but the two are increasingly treated as separate species based on their distinct differences in plumage and size (14 cm for the Sula Hanging Parrot versus 11 cm for the Moluccan Hanging Parrot).[2] When recognized as separate species, the Sula Hanging Parrot has often been treated as monotypic, but the subspecies L. s. ruber from the Banggai Islands has recently been re-validated, leaving the nominate for the Sula Islands.[2] Both subspecies have an overall green plumage with red to the chin, rump and leading edge of the wing. In L. s. sclateri the mantle varies from all mustard-orange to red broadly edged by orange, while the mantle of L. s. ruber is red with very little orange edge. Furthermore, the red rump is brighter in L. s. ruber than in L. s. sclateri.

Psittacella madaraszi

Psittacella madaraszi, Madarasz’s Tiger Parrot,  Nurimacan Madarasz

The Madarasz’s Tiger Parrot (Psittacella madaraszi) is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.Psittacella-madaraszi

Psittacella modesta

Psittacella modesta, Modest Tiger Parrot,  Nurimacan Sederhana

The Modest Tiger Parrot (Psittacella modesta) is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.Psittacella-modesta

Micropsitta keiensis

Micropsitta keiensis, Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot,  Nurikate Topi-kuning

The Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot (Micropsitta keiensis) is a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.Micropsitta-keiensis

Eclectus-roratus-roratus

Eclectus-roratus-roratus, Eclectus Parrot, Nuri Bayan

Eclectus-roratus-roratus-800

The Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus roratus, is a parrot native to the Solomon Islands, Eclectus-roratus-roratus-01-400Sumba, New Guinea and nearby islands, northeastern Australia and the Maluku Islands (Moluccas). It is unusual in the parrot family for its extreme sexual dimorphism of the colours of the plumage; the male having a mostly bright green plumage and the female a mostly bright red and purple/blue plumage. Joseph Forshaw, in his book Parrots of the World, noted that the first European ornithologists to see Eclectus Parrots thought they were of two distinct species. Large populations of this parrot exist in Papua New Guinea, where they are sometimes considered pests for eating fruit off trees. Their bright feathers are also used by native tribes people as decorations.
The Eclectus Parrot is unusual in the parrot family for its marked sexual dimorphism in the colours of the plumage. The male is mostly bright green with blue primaries, and red flanks and underwing coverts, while the female is mostly red with a blue abdomen and nape in most subspecies, purple abdomen and nape in the subspecies from the north and central Maluku Islands (roratus and vosmaeri), and red abdomen and nape in the subspecies from Sumba and Tanimbar Islands (cornelia and riedeli). Females of several subspecies have a yellow-tipped tail; taken to the extreme in riedeli and vosmaeri which also have yellow undertail coverts. The upper mandible of the adult male is orange at the base fading to a yellow towards the tip, and the lower mandible is black. The beak of the adult female is all black. Adults have yellow to orange irises and juveniles have dark brown to black irises. The upper mandible of both and male and female juveniles are brown at the base fading to yellow towards the biting edges and the tip.

Taxonomy

Ornithologists usually classify the Eclectus Parrot as a member of tribe Psittaculini in the Psittacidae family of order Psittaciformes. However, some recent thought indicates that there is a great deal of commonality between the Eclectus Parrot and the Loriinae tribe. The Eclectus Parrot is the most sexually dimorphic of all the parrot species. The contrast between the brilliant emerald green plumage of the male and the deep red/purple plumage of the female is so marked that the two birds were, until the early 20th century, considered to be different species.

It is thought that there are nine (possibly ten) subspecies of Eclectus Parrots, with differences in size and colouring. In captivity, some of the most common subspecies are the Solomon Island, the Vosmaeri, and the New Guinea Red-sided.

* Grand Eclectus (Eclectus roratus roratus)
* Solomon Island Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus solomonensis)
* New Guinea Red-sided Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus polychloros)
* Australian Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus macgillivrayi)
* Vosmaer’s Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus vosmaeri) – sometimes called the Vos Eclectus
* Aru Island Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus aruensis)
* Westerman’s Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus westermani) – doubtfully valid.
* Sumba Island Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus cornelia)
* Tanimbar Islands Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus riedeli)
* Biak Island Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus biaki)

Although the Eclectus Parrot is the only extant species in the genus Eclectus, fossil remains of another species, Oceanic Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus infectus), have been found in archaeological sites in the islands of Tonga and Vanuatu (Steadman 2006). The species presumably existed in Fiji as well. E. infectus had proportionally smaller wings than the Eclectus Parrot. The species went extinct after the arrival of man 3000 years ago, presumably due to human-caused factors (habitat loss, introduced species).

Diet

The diet of the eclectus in the wild consists of mainly fruits, unripe nuts, flower and leaf buds, and some seeds. Two favorite fruits are the pomegranate and the papaya (pawpaw) with seeds. In captivity, they will eat most fruits including mangos, figs, guavas, bananas, any melons, stone fruits (peaches etc), grapes, citrus fruits, pears and apples. The eclectus has an unusually long digestive tract and this is why it requires such a high fiber diet.

Aviculture
Eclectus parrots are one of the more popular birds kept in captivity, as either parent or hand reared. Unlike many other species of parrot they are relatively easy to breed yet difficult to hand feed. Eclectus in captivity require vegetables high in beta-carotene, such as lightly cooked sweet potato, fresh broccoli clumps, and fresh corn on the cob. Fresh greens such as endive or commercial dandelion are a very important in providing calcium and other nutrients. As with all pet birds, they should not be fed avocado, chocolate, or high fat junk foods such as French fries or commercially processed human foods such as pizza. Parrots are unable to digest the lactose in milk. Spray millet is one of the seed items they enjoy, though the Eclectus diet should typically contain much less seed than other birds. A variety of soaked and cooked beans and legumes, along with brown rice, provided in limited amounts help provide protein. Nuts and seeds provide vitamin E, but should be limited in order to avoid too much fat in the diet, as Eclectus parrots can become obese.
A seven-week old male chick that has been hand reared for the pet trade.

The captive Eclectus can be susceptible to muscle spasms known as toe-tapping and wing flipping, the causes of which are not clear. These movements have not been observed in the wild. Potential causes include calcium deficiency, consumption of pellets or other foods that are overly fortified or artificially colored, or even simple dehydration. Fortified or artificial foods may also cause allergic reactions in some individuals, including severe itchiness leading to feather and skin damage.

Charmosyna papou

Charmosyna papou, Papuan Lorikeet, Perkici Papua

Charmosyna-papou-800

The Papuan Lorikeet, also known as Stella’s Lorikeet and Mount-Goliath Lorikeet (Charmosyna papou) is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Charmosyna josefinae

Charmosyna josefinae, Josephine’s Lorikeet, Perkici Josephina

Click to Enlarge !

Charmosyna-josefinae-02-800

The Josephine’s Lorikeet (Charmosyna josefinae) is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Charmosyna pulchella

Charmosyna pulchella, Fairy Lorikeet, Perkici Punggung-hitam

The Fairy Lorikeet (Charmosyna pulchella) is a species of parrot in the Psittaculidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forestsCharmosyna-pulchella.