Paphiopedilum wentworthianum

Paphiopedilum wentworthianum Wentworth’s Paphiopedilum

Wentworth's Paphiopedilum , Paphiopedilum wentworthianum

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Paphiopedilum wentworthianum Schoser & Fowlie 1968 SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Blepharopetalum Pfitzer 1903 Photo by © Lourens Grobler All rights reserved

Common Name Wentworth’s Paphiopedilum [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800’s]

Flower Size 3 1/4″ [8 cm]

A medium sized, herbaceous humus epiphyte found in New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Guadacanal and Bougainville at elevations of 900 to 1800 meters with 5, narrowly oblong to elliptic-oblong, tessallated dark and light green, shortly pubescent leaves that blooms on an erect, terminal, to 14″ [35 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with an elliptic-ovate floral bract arising in the late winter and early spring.

Synonyms Paphiopedilum denisii Schoser 1971

Paphiopedilum wardii

Paphiopedilum wardii Ward’s Paphiopedilum

Ward's Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum wardii

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Paphiopedilum wardii Summerhayes 1932 SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Planipetalum Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Common Name Ward’s Paphiopedilum [English Plant Collector 1900’s] – In China Cai Yun Dou Lan

Flower Size 4″ [10 cm]

This small sized, terrestrial, mottled leaf species is found in southwestern China and northern Burma in deep leaf litter on cliff faces at elevations of 1200 to 1600 meters with 3 to 5, oblong-lanceolate, dark blue green motttled paler on top and mottled purple underneath leaves that blooms on an erect, 8″ [20 cm] long, terminal inflorescence with lanceolate, ciliate, green flushed purple floral bracts carrying one glossy flower occuring in the mid-winter to early spring.

Considered by some to be a natural hybrid between P venustum and P sukhakulii.

Synonyms Cypripedium vernayi F.K.Ward 1938; Cypripedium wardianum Cooper 1951; Cypripedium wardii [Summerhayes] Curtis 1933; Paphiopedilum brevilabium Liu & Zhang 2001; Paphiopedilum burmanicum J.Yong Zhang & Z.J.Liu 2001; Paphiopedilum microchilum Liu & Chen 2001; Paphiopedilum multifolium Liu & Zhang 2001; Paphiopedilum wardii f. alboviride (O.Gruss & Roeth) Braem 1998; Paphiopedilum wardii var. alboviride O.Gruss & Roeth 1998

Paphiopedilum villosum

Paphiopedilum villosum Hirsute Paphiopedilum

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Hirsute Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum villosum

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Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1895 SUBGENUS Paphiopedilum SECTION Paphiopedilum Karasawa & Saito 1982

Full shade Cold to Cool Fall

Common Name The Hirsute Paphiopedilum – In China Zi Mao Dou Lan

Flower Size 5 to 6″ [12.5 to 15 cm]

This large sized, cool to cold growing, clump forming humus epiphytic species or rare lithophyte with clear yellow green leaves is found in Assam India, Myanamar, Thailand; Southern China, Laos and Vietnam in primary, evergreen, wet, closed, mixed and broadleafed, highland cloud forests on tree forks or clumps of ferns 10 to 15 meters above the ground or rarely on cliff faces as a lithophyte at altitudes of 1100 to 2100 meters in areas with abundant rainfall. This species is charachterized by having 4 to 5 narrowly lanceolate to linear-ligulate, suberect, dark yellow green, purple spotted beneath near the base of the leaves and is unequally, acutely bilobed apically. It blooms on a suberect to arcuate, terminal, to 12″ [30 cm] long, dark green with purple, pubescent inflorescence with an elliptic, glabrous, green spotted maroon floral bract that is as long as the ovary and a single, glossy flower in the fall.

Synonyms Cordula villosa [Lindley] Rolfe 1912; * Cypripedium villosum Lindl. 1854; Paphiopedilum densissimum Liu & Chen 2002; Paphiopedilum macranthum Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen 2002; Paphiopedilum villosum f. aureum Braem 1998; Paphiopedilum villosum var. fuscoroseum Aver. 2002; Paphiopedilum villosum var. fuscoviride Aver. 2002

Paphiopedilum vietnamense

Paphiopedilum vietnamense Vietnamese Paphiopedilum

Vietnamese Paphiopedilum , Paphiopedilum vietnamense

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Paphiopedilum vietnamense O. Gruss & Perner 1999 SUBGENUS Parvisepalum Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website.

Common NameThe Vietnamese Paphiopedilum

Flower Size 4 to 4 3/4″ [10 to 12 cm]

Found only in North Vietnam and is the most range restricted species in Vietnam with an area of less than 200 square miles and is a lithophyte or rare terrestrial in seasonally wet, primary, evergreen, broadleafed forests on shady vertical limestone bluffs, cliffs and on tops of mountain ridges of N and NW exposure at elevation of 350 to 550 meters often in mossy clumps or partially shaded rock crevices. This orchid has 3 to 5, distichous, coriaceous-leathery, ovate to oblong-elliptic, obtuse and unequally bilobed apically leaves that below are heavily violet spotted, and strongly keeled, and above with fine white to deep green tesselation. Most typical habitats are narrow shelves below overhanging bluffs and the orchid survives a 4 to 5 month dry period during the cooler winter. The erect, 1 to 2 flowered, 6″ to 10″ [15-25 cm] long, purple violet or purple brown with dense white or light brown haired inflorescence arising from a broadly ovate, acute, pilose, conduplicate floral bract that occurs in the late winter and early spring.

Synonyms Paphiopedilum hilamari Sengh. & Schlechter 1999; Paphiopedilum mirabile Cavestro & Chiron 1999

Paphiopedilum victoria-regina

Paphiopedilum victoria-regina Queen Victoria Paphiopedilum

Queen Victoria Paphiopedilum , Paphiopedilum victoria-regina

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Paphiopedilum victoria-regina (Sander) M.W. Wood 1976 SUBGENUS Cochlopetalum [Haller] Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Common Name The Queen Victoria Paphiopedilum

Flower Size 3 1/4″ [8 cm]

This medium sized, Sumatran terrestrial or lithophytic species is found on cliffsa at elevations of 800 to 1600 meters with large, oblong, faintly mottled leaves that are minutely bilobed apically that blooms on an erect to arching, terminal, 24″ [60 cm] long, dark brown inflorescence with a flexuous rachis that has ovate, ciliate floral bracts and many flowers in succession, only allowing, at most two flowers to be open at a time, occuring in the spring.

Synonyms *Cypripedium victoriaregina Sander ? ; Paphiopedilum kalinae Braem 1995; Paphiopedilum victoria-regina var. kalinae (Braem) Koop. 1995

Paphiopedilum victoria-mariae

Paphiopedilum victoria-mariae Virgin Mary Paphiopedilum

Virgin Mary Paphiopedilum , Paphiopedilum victoria-mariae

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Paphiopedilum victoria-mariae (Rolfe) Rolfe 1896 SUBGENUS Paphiopedilum SECTION Cochlopetalum Haller ex Pfitz Photo courtesy of Tony Walsh

Common Name The Virgin Mary Paphiopedilum

Flower Size 3 1/2″ [8 to 9cm]

Found on the island of Sumatra in ravines on sheer, almost vertical faces at elevations around 1900 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with oblong-ligulate, green mottled darker, flushed purple and ciliate near the base leaves, that blooms in the spring on a 40″ [100 cm] long, successive opening with 2 to 3 open at a time, many flowered inflorescence with elliptic-oblong, ciliate floral bracts.

Synonyms Cordula victoria-mariae Rolfe 1912; Cypripedium victoria-mariae Rolfe 1896; Paphiopedilum chamberlainianum f. victoria-mariae (Sander ex Mast.) Rolfe 1893

Paphiopedilum venustum

Paphiopedilum venustum Charming Paphiopedilum

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Charming Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum venustum

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Paphiopedilum venustum [Wall. ex Sims] Pfitz. 1888 SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Sigmatopetalum. Photo courtesy of David Morris and Clackamas Orchids Home Page

Full shade Cold to Warm LATE Winter and Spring

Common Name The Charming Paphiopedilum – In China Xiu Li Dou Lan

Flower Size to 3 1/2″ [9 cm]

A medium sized, late winter and spring bloomer on an erect, terminal, 5″ [12 cm] long, deep purple, pubescent inflorescence with a elliptic-lanceolate floral bract carrying a solitary flower from Assam India, northeastern Bangladesh, the eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Nepal and Yunnan China at elevations of 1000 to 1500 meters at the base of cliffs in humus or in dense undergrowth or bamboo thickets often near streams, as well as in the crotch of trees with leaf deitrius that grows as a cold to warm, shade loving terrestrial with narrowly elliptic, mottled bluish and lighter green leaves that are purple beneath which needs humid, well watered conditions year round.

Synonyms Cordula venusta [Wall. ex Sims] Rolfe 1912; *Cypripedium venustum Wall. 1820; Paphiopedilum venustum var. bhutanensis Pradhan 1979; Paphiopedilum venustum var. rubrum Pradhan 1979; Paphiopedilum venustum var. teestaensis Pradhan 1979 Stimegas venustum (Wall. ex Sims) Raf. 1838

Paphiopedilum urbanianum

Paphiopedilum urbanianum Urban’s Paphiopedilum

Urban's Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum urbanianum

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Paphiopedilum urbanianum Fowlie 1981 SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Barbata SUBSECTION Chloroneura Photos by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website.

Common Name Urban’s Paphiopedilum [Mrs. Jacinta Urban Tecson – Philippine Orchid Nurserywoman]

Flower Size 4 1/5″ [10.5 cm]

This small sized, terrestrial orchid with mottled green leaves is found in the Philippines at elevations of 400 to 800 meters in humus pockets between rocks on the forest floor in deep shade with 4 to 5, narrowly or oblong-elliptic, tesselated dark and light green above, basal margins ciliate leaves and blooms on an erect, terminal 10 10″ [25 cm] long, inflorescence with ovate, green veined maroon, pubescent floral bract carrying a single flower occuring in the winter and spring.

Synonyms Paphiopedilum urbanianum f. alboviride Braem 1998

Paphiopedilum tranlienianum

Paphiopedilum tranlienianum Tran’s Paphiopedilum

Tran's Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum tranlienianum

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Paphiopedilum tranlienianum O.Gruss & H.Perner 1998 SUBGENUS Paphiopedilum SECTION Paphiopedilum Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Common Name Tran’s Paphiopedilum [Vietnamese Expoter of Species – current] – In China Tian Hua Dou Lan

Flower Size 2 1/5″ to 2 2/5″ [5.5 to 6 cm]

A small sized, warm to cold growing lithophyte found only in Northern Vietnam in primary, broad leaf, evergreen forests on highly eroded, limestone cliffs and mountains in narrow crevasses at elevations of 40 to 750 meters in an area with partial shade, a cool dry winter and a wet warm summer with 3 to 6 distichous, clear green, linear-ligulate leaves that are obtuse, unequally bilobulate, or minutely tridentate apically and sharply keeled beneath and blooms in the fall in nature on a suberect to arcuate, 4″ to 6 3/4″ [10 to 18 cm] long, bright green, pubescent, single flowered inflorescence with a conduplicate, ovate, acute or obtuse, green spotted maroon, pubescent floral bract.

Synonyms Paphiopedilum caobanggense Tich 1999

Paphiopedilum tonsum

Paphiopedilum tonsum Bald Paphiopedilum

Bald Paphiopedilum, Paphiopedilum tonsum

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Paphiopedilum tonsum (Rchb. f.) Pfitzer 1895 SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Punctatum

Common Name The Bald Paphiopedilum [Refers to the flowers having no hairs]

Flower Size about 4″ [to 10 cm]

A fall and winter blooming, small sized, Bornean and Sumatran, warm to cool growing herbaceous humus epiphyte found in shady pockets of leaf litter over limestone at elevations of 1000 to 1800 meters with oblong-elliptic, deep green mottled with gray green leaves with purple undersides and blooms on an erect, terminal, 12 to 15″ [30 to 37.5 cm] long, purple marked inflorescence with an elli[ptic-lanceolate floral bract that carries a single flower.

Synonyms Cordula tonsa [Rchb.f] Rolfe 1912; *Cypripedium tonsum Rchb. f. 1883; Paphiopedilum tonsum f. alboviride Braem 1998