Glycyrrhiza glabra

Glycyrrhiza glabra, Liquorice, Akar Manis

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Glycyrrhiza-glabra--02-800

Liquorice grows best in deep valleys, well-drained soils, with full sun, and is harvested in the autumn, two to three years after planting.[8]

Liquorice extract is produced by boiling liquorice root and subsequently evaporating most of the water, and is traded both in solid and syrup form. Its active principle is glycyrrhizin, a sweetener between 30 to 50 times as sweet as sucrose, and which also has pharmaceutical effects.

Liquorice flavour is found in a wide variety of liquorice candies or sweets. In Britain and the US these are usually sweet. In most of these candies the taste is reinforced by aniseed oil, and the actual content of liquorice is very low. In continental Europe however, strong, salty candies are popular.

In the Netherlands, where liquorice candy (“drop”) is one of the most popular forms of sweet, only a few of the many forms that are sold contain aniseed, although mixing it with mint, menthol or with laurel is quite popular. Mixing it with ammonium chloride is also popular, and is known as Salmiak, but mixing it with table salt creates what is probably the most popular liquorice, known in the Netherlands as zoute drop. [10]

Pontefract in Yorkshire was the first place where liquorice mixed with sugar began to be used as a sweet in the same way it is in the modern day.[11] Pontefract Cakes were originally made there. In County Durham, Yorkshire and Lancashire it is colloquially known as Spanish, supposedly because Spanish monks grew liquorice root at Rievaulx Abbey near Thirsk.[12]

Liquorice flavouring is also used in soft drinks, and in some herbal infusions where it provides a sweet aftertaste. The flavour is common in medicines to disguise unpleasant flavours.

Liquorice is popular in Italy (particularly in the South) and Spain in its natural form. The root of the plant is simply dug up, washed and chewed as a mouth freshener. Throughout Italy unsweetened liquorice is consumed in the form of small black pieces made only from 100% pure liquorice extract; the taste is bitter and intense. In Calabria a popular liqueur is made from pure liquorice extract. Liquorice is also very popular in Syria where it is sold as a drink. Dried liquorice root can be chewed as a sweet. Black liquorice contains approximately 100 calories per ounce (15 kJ/g).[13]

Chinese cuisine uses liquorice as a culinary spice for savoury foods. It is often employed to flavour broths and foods simmered in soy sauce.

Other herbs and spices of similar flavour include anise, star anise, tarragon, sassafras, and fennel.

It is also the main ingredient of a very well known soft drink in Egypt, called عرقسوس (‘erk-soos).

Sticks of liquorice typically have a diameter between two and ten millimetres. Although they resemble plain wooden sticks, they are soft enough to be chewed on. They used to be popular among Dutch, Danish and Swedish children[citation needed]. In Lancashire and Yorkshire in the early 1950s & 1960s, wooden sticks of liquorice, around 8mm diameter, were readily available (and popular) in sweet shops. Also in Essex during late 50s. They were bought as ‘sticks of liquorice’, and they were chewed by young children. The wood was yellowish, and fibrous when chewed. Liquorice root can have either a salty or sweet taste. The thin sticks are usually quite salty and sometimes taste like salmiak (salty liquorice), whereas the thick sticks are usually quite sweet, with a salty undertone[citation needed]. Liquorice root is also widely available in Denmark. It is also sold by the drugstore and drysalter chain Matas and many greengrocers.

USE
Anti cholesterol.
Bronchitis.
Cough.
heartburn
peptic ulcers

Herbs and dosages
cough
Remedy:
Sweet Root 1.5 grams
Rhizome 8 grams
Betel leaf 3 pieces
Water 130 ml

How to manufacture:
Created infusion.

How to use:
Drink 2 times a day, morning and evening before meals, each time drank 100 ml.

Duration of treatment:
Repeated until healed.

Gastric ulcers
Remedy:
Sweet Root 3 grams
Turmeric rhizome 4 grams
Water 130 ml

How to manufacture:
Created infusion or poured boiling.

How to use:
Drink 2 times a day, morning and afternoon. Every time you drink 100 ml.

Duration of treatment
Repeated for 14 days. For people who can not stand the heat of saffron, herbs can be added water to dilute, deposited first and then drink.

warning
Dose that is too big and too long can result in the use hipoklamia.

composition:
Glisirhisin, saponins, glycosides likuiritin, asparagine, umbeliferona, glabrolida, glucose, sucrose, amino likuiritat, hidroksiglisirhitat sour, bitter substances, essential oils, and asparagine.

Bidens pilosa

Bidens pilosa, Cobbler’s Pegs, Spanish Needle, Ajeran

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Bidens-pilosa-02-800

Bidens pilosa, commonly known as Cobbler’s Pegs or Spanish Needle, is a species in the plant family Asteraceae. It is an annual that grows up to about 1 meter in height, depending on the local conditions.

This plant is considered a weed in some tropical habitats. However, in some parts of the world it is a source of food or medicine.[1] For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, the tender shoots and young leaves are used fresh or dried as a leaf vegetable, particularly in times of scarcity.

USE
1. Fever.
2. Digestion is not good.
3. Arthritis (joint pain).
4. Rheum.
5.Usus stalemate.
6.Wasir.

Herbs and dosages

Colds and fever
Remedy:
Herba Ajeran (3 grams)
Babakan Pule (200 mg)
Leaves Sembung (3 grams)
Poko leaves (2 g)
Water (130 ml)

How to manufacture:
Created infusion or poured boiling.

How to use:
Drink 2 times a day, morning and afternoon, each time drank 100 ml.

Duration of treatment:
Repeated until healed.

appendix
Appendicitis should be treated by a doctor. If for any reason, the doctor can not be found, this herb can be used.

Remedy:
Herba Ajeran (5 grams)
Water (120 ml)

How to manufacture:
Created infusion or pill.

How to use:
Drink 2 times a day, morning and afternoon, each time drank 100 ml, or 9 pills 3 times a day.

Duration of treatment:
Repeated for 20 days.

Composition:
Poliina alkaloids, saponins, bitter substances, essential oils, and tanning substances.

Litsea glutinosa

Litsea glutinosa, Adem Ati

Litsea-glutinosa-800

Litsea is a genus of evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. The genus includes 200 to 400 species in tropical and subtropical areas of both hemispheres.

Uses in Society
roots:
1. Diarrhea.
2. Diabetes.
3. Inflammatory bowel.
4. Purulent inflammation of the skin (topical).

Bark and leaves (topical):
1. ulcers;
2. Bleeding wounds;
3. Sedatives;
4. Purulent inflammation of the skin;
5. Inflammation of the breast;

Herbs and dosages

diabetes

Remedy:
Root Adem Ati 5 grams
4 pieces of fresh leaves Regards
Water 140 ml

How to manufacture:
Created infusion.

How to use:
Drink 2 times a day, morning and evening, every drink 100 ml.

Diarrhoea, Enteritis
Remedy:
Root Adem Ati 6 grams
6 grams of fresh turmeric rhizome
Ai 110 ml

How to manufacture:
Created infusion or poured boiling.

How to use:
Drink 1 a day 100 ml.

Duration of treatment:
Repeated for 3 days (Diarrhoea), 14 days (Inflammatory bowel disease). If no symptoms are encouraged to see a doctor healing.

Purulent skin inflammations, Sore Breasts, Wounds, and Ulcers
Remedy:
Bark / Adem Ati fresh leaves to taste
Leaves taste Sambilata
sufficient water

How to manufacture:
Crushed to form a paste.

How to use:
Flatten the paste on the affected skin. Before the pasta is covered with, should be cleaned with warm water first.

Duration of treatment:
Updated every 3 hours.

composition:
Alkaloids (phenanthrene groups and aporfina), flavonoids, tannins, polyphenols, and essential oil.

Terminalia chebula

Terminalia chebula Myrobalan Amlaka Euphorbiaceae
 

 

Terminalia chebula, Myrobalan, Euphorbiaceae, Amlaka

Terminalia chebula is a plant species belonging to the genus Terminalia, family Combretaceae. It is a flowering evergreen tree called in English the Myrobalan or sometimes the Chebulic Myrobalan. In Urdu, Persian or Hindi it is also called Hardad, Haritaki or Harada respectively Inknut. This tree yields smallish, ribbed and nut-like fruits which are picked up when still green and then pickled, boiled with a little added sugar in their own syrup or used in preserves or concotions. The seed of the fruit, which has an eliptical shape, is an abrasive pit enveloped by a fleshy and firm pulp. Terminalia chebula can reach heights of 20 meters.
Medical use: The myrobalan is highly regarded as an universal panacea in the Ayur-Vedic Medicine. It is reputed to cure blindness and it is believed to inhibit the growth of the malignant tumours. It is allegedly also a powerful detox agent. Fruits have numerous medicinal properties: laxative, stomachic, tonic, and alterative and often used in combination with emblic myrobalan (Phyllanthus emblica L.) and beleric myrobalan (Terminalia bellirica (Gaertner) Roxb.); they show antibacterial and antifungal activity, and are used to cure inflamed gums and as a relief in asthma.

Talinum triangulare

Talinum triangulare Surinam purslane Kolesom Portulacaceae
 

Talinum-triangulare

 

Talinum triangulare, Surinam purslane, Portulacaceae, Kolesom

Talinum fruticosum is an herbaceous perennial plant widely grown in tropical regions as a leaf vegetable. Common names include waterleaf, cariru, Surinam purslane, Philippine spinach, Ceylon spinach, Florida spinach, potherb fameflower, Lagos bologi, and sweetheart.
The plant grows erect, 30 to 100 cm high. It bears small, white flowers and broad, fleshy leaves.
Typical of leaf vegetables, it is rich in vitamins (including vitamin A and vitamin C) and minerals (including iron and calcium). Also typical of leaf vegetables, it is high in oxalic acid, and consumption should be avoided or limited by those suffering from kidney disorders, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis.
The crop is grown in West Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and warmer parts of North America and South America. Along with Celosia species, it is one of the most import leaf vegetables of Nigeria. In Brazil it is grown along the banks of the Amazon River, and is consumed mainly in the states of Pará and Amazonas.The plant are mainly used for European table as a substitute for purslane. The root is a tonic for general weakness, possible substitute for ginseng, to treat inflammation and swelling.

Talinum paniculatum

Talinum paniculatum  Jewels of Opar Somjawa Portulacaceae
 

Talinum-paniculatum

 

Talinum paniculatum, Jewels of Opar, Portulacaceae, Somjawa

Erect, fleshy perennial herbs 3-8 dm tall. Leaves elliptic to obovate, 3-11 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, apex acuminate or acute, base attenuate. Flowers in paniculate inflorescences 20-40 cm long, pedicels slender, 10-20 cm long, bracts linear-lanceolate, ca. 3 mm long; sepals broadly elliptic to suborbicular, 2-4 mm long; petals pink to dark pink, broadly elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 3.5-4.5 mm long; stamens 5-15. Capsules reddish, globose, ca. 3 mm long, 3-valved. Seeds black, glossy, ca. 0.9-1.2 mm long, the surface minutely tuberculate.
Medical use: Root has saponin, steroid and essential oil and used as tonic.

Swietenia mahagoni

Swietenia mahagoni Mahogany Mahoni Meliaceae
 

 

Swietenia mahagoni, Mahogany, Meliaceae, Mahoni	While still a majestic tree, this species is overall smaller than Swietenia macrophylla; it grows to 70 ft (21 m), the pinnate leaves are 4Ð8 in (10Ð20 cm) long and the fruit are 4 in (10 cm) long. It is widely grown as a shade and street tree in the tropics.
Hardiness zone from 11 To 12
Cultivation: They need deep, fertile soil and high rainfall. In subtropical areas with distinct seasons the leaves often turn golden in fall (autumn) and most are shed.
Propagate from seed or cuttings
Mediical use: S. mahagoni is a medicinal plant.The bark is considered an astringent and is taken orally as a decoction for diarrhoea, as a source of vitamins and iron, and as a medicine to induce haemorrhage. When the bark is steeped to a red liquid, it is taken to clear blood, increase appetite, and restore strength in cases of tuberculosis.

Sterculia foetida

Sterculia foetida Java Olive Kabu kabu, Kepoh Sterculiaceae
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Sterculia-foetida-01-800
 

Sterculia foetida, Java Olive, Sterculiaceae, kabu-kabu, kepoh

The Wild Almond (Sterculia foetida) is a tall, straight, noble tree, transcendent in the fresh, full leafage of March and April.The grey bark is smooth, spotted with brown and faintly ridged. At certain times of the year patches of bark loosen and fall away, which impairs the appearance of the tree. The branches are whorled and usually horizontal, the numerous branchlets gracefully up-curved and crowded at the ends with large, digitate leaves.The flowers, however, bear no resemblance at all to this tree. Appearing early in February, they form at the knotty ends of the wrinkled old branchlets immediately beneath the new leaves and spread in drooping rays as much as one foot in length. The reddish-green stems bear numerous short branched stalks, each terminating in a crimson-brown flower. Coming across a Wild Almond in bloom ones first thoughts would be that one was near an open sewer and any part of the tree when bruised or cut emits this unpleasant odour.
Medical use: Leaves and bark have considerable medicinal value; in Ghana, seeds are taken as a purgative. Oil from the seed is extracted on a local scale to be used in medicine.

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Brazilian tea Pecut kuda Verbenaceae
 

Stachytarpheta-jamaicensis-800

 

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, Brazilian tea, Verbenaceae, Pecut kuda

Erect and branched half-woody plant, 1 to 1.5 meters high. Stems are terete, the younger ones, angled. Leaves are elliptic to oblong-ovate, 2.5 to 10 cm long, with pointed tips and toothed margins, the base decurrent on the petiole. The spikes are terminal and slender, 10-30 cm long, 3-4 mm thick, green and continuous. Calyx is small, oblique, and 4-toothed. Corolla is deep blue, 1 cm long, The fruit is enclosed in the calyx, about 4 mm long.
Distribution
Common weed in open and waste places at low and medium altitudes.
Chemical constituents and properties
A glucoside, stachytarphine has been isolated from the plant.
Parts utilized:Leaves, roots.
Medical use:
Decoction or roots are abortive.
Decoction of leaves are vermifuge to children.
Juice of fresh leaves is emetocathartic.
Decoction of leaves in enemas used to expel intestinal worms; also used as purging vehicle for other vermifuges.
Infusion of roots has been used for gonorrhea.
Triturated fresh leaves used on ulcers.
Bruised leaves rubbed on sprains and bruises.

Spilanthes acmella

Spilanthes acmella Toothache Plant  Legetan Asteraceae
 Spilanthes-acmella-800
 

A small, erect plant, it grows quickly and sends up gold and red flower inflorescences. Eating Spilanthes-acmella-stickerAcmella is a memorable experience. The leaf has a smell similar to any green leafy vegetable. First, a strong, spicy warmth spreads outward across one’s tongue, turning into a prickling sensation and causes salivation. As the prickling spreads, it mellows into an acidic (slightly etallic) sharpness accompanied by tingling, and then numbness. The numbness fades after a time (two to twenty minutes, depending on the person and amount eaten), and the pungent aftertaste may linger for an hour or more.For culinary purposes, small amounts of shredded fresh leaves add a unique flavour to salads. Cooked leaves lose their strong flavour and may be used as leafy greens.
Medicinal uses:The most common and widespread medicinal use is to treat toothache and throat and gum infections. Worldwide the flower heads are used either fresh or dried and powdered, but the use of roots and leaves has been recommended as well. The plant is further recommended as a cure for dysentery and rheumatism, and to enhance the immune system. It is used against blood parasites, especially against malaria, both prophylactic and curative.