Laelia weberbaueriana

Laelia weberbaueriana Weberbauer’s Schomburgkia

Weberbauer's Schomburgkia, Laelia weberbaueriana

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Schomburgkia weberbaueriana Kraenzl. 1906 SUBGENUS Schomburgkia Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Part sun Hot Fall LATE Spring

Common Name Weberbauer’s Schomburgkia [German Botanist early 20th century]

Flower Size 1″ [2.5 cm]

Found as a large sized, hot to warm growing lithophyte in Peru and Bolivia in wet montane forests on branches exposed to high sunlight at elevations around 200 to 1300 meters with a fusiform, complanate, ridged pseudobulb with a series of basal, scarious, imbricate, bracts and 2, oblong-ligulate, attenuate to the conduplicate base, subacute, coriaceous leaves tha blooms on a terminal, [80 cm] long, densely several to many flowered inflorescence with narrowly lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts that are longer than the ovaries with the flowers in a apical umbel held well above the leaves and occuring in late spring.

Synonyms Laelia weberbaueriana [Kranzlin] Schweinf. 1944

Laelia undulata

Laelia undulata Undulate Schomburgkia

Undulate Schomburgkia , Laelia undulata

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Schomburgkia undulata Lindley 1841 SUBGENUS Schomburgkia Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Fragrance, Part sun Warm to Hot LATE Fall Winter to EARLY Spring

Common Name The Undulate Schomburgkia

Flower Size to almost 2″ [to almost 5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela and Bolivia? at elevations of 600 to 1200 meters as a large sized, epiphyte or lithophyte on large branches and tree trunks or on large boulders on the Pacific slopes in dry deciduous forests, with fusiform, tapering at the base, deeply sulcate, shiney pseudobulbs carrying 2, rarely 3, elliptic-oblong, coriaceous, rigid leaves, that blooms on a erect, apical, 2 to 6′ [60 to 180 cm] long, racemose, laxly many [20] flowered inflorescence covered with bracts with fragrant, or not, short-lived, waxy, showy flowers held in a cluster at the apex, arising on a mature pseudobulb that has tubular bracts, occurring in late fall till spring and is a hot to warm growing plant.

Synonyms Bletia excelsa Bradf. 1846; Bletia undulata [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861; Cattleya undulata [Lindley] Beer 1854; Laelia undulata [Lindley] L. O. Wms. 1941; Schomburgkia lueddemannii Prill. 1862; Schomburgkia quesneliana Lindl 1860; Schomburgkia violacea Paxton 1849

Laelia speciosa

Laelia speciosa Showy Laelia

Showy Laelia , Laelia speciosa

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Laelia speciosa (Kunth) Schltr. 1914 SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Laelia Lindley Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Common Name May-flowered or Showy Laelia or in Mexico – Flor de Mayo – Flor de Todos Santos

Flower Size to 8″ [to 20 cm] Fragrant

This is a Mexican orchid of the central plateau and adjoining highlands warm to cold growing, small sized epiphyte with 1 to 2 leaves that is found in xerophytic conditions in open oak forests at elevations of 1400 to 2400 meters with subglobose to ovoid, rugose pseudobulbs with 1 to 2 lanceolate-elliptic, acute, coriaceous-fleshy, green suffused with purple, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the spring and summer with an apical, 5 to 6″ [12 to 15 cm] long inflorescence which arises from a newly developing pseudobulb and carries 1 to occasionally 4, fragrant flowers. It is a very drought resistant plant and as such should be given a drier environment and a definite dry winter rest.

The villagers of the central highlands of Mexico on the 1st and second of November celebrate All Saint’s Day and the Day of the Dead. On these days many families make small candy images of pigs, cows, horses, skulls fruit and other familiar objects created from the pseudobulbs of this species and Laelia autumnalis. It is an ancient process handed down through the generations. The Pseudobulbs are sliced into thin pieces that are then ground in the same way as flour and corn for totillas. The ensuing green, mucilaginous paste is mixed with water, flour, sugar, lemon juice and egg white and then let to sit for several days. At the proper time it is poured into wooden half molds, the 2 halves removed and pasted to gethther and then decorated and painted with vegetable dyes to give the desired effect.

Synonyms Amalia grandiflora (Lex.) Heynh. 1846; Amalia majalis (Lindl.) Heynh. 1846; Bletia grandiflora La Llave & Lex. 1825; Bletia speciosa Kunth 1816; Cattleya grahami Lindley 1841; Cattleya majalis [Lindl.]Beer 1854; Laelia grandiflora (La Llave & Lex.) Lindl. 1831; Laelia majalis Lindley 1839

 

Laelia rosea

Laelia rosea  Rosey Schomburgkia

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 Rosey Schomburgkia , Laelia rosea

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Schomburgkia rosea Linden ex Lindl. 1845 Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt

Common Name or Meaning The Rosey Schomburgkia

Flower Size 1.6″ [4 cm]

Found in Colombia and Venezuela at elevations of 30 to 200 meters as a large sized, hot growing epiphyte or lithophyte on rocks near rivers with widely fusiform pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several, acute, imbricate, evanescent, scarious sheaths and carrying 2, apical, coriaceosu, oblong-elliptic, rounded apically, atternuate into the base leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, raceomse, 2′ [60 cm] long, several to many flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb

Synonyms Bletia rosea (Linden ex Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 ; Laelia rosea (Linden ex Lindl.) C.Schweinf. 1967

Laelia rubescens

Laelia rubescens Rosy Tinted Laelia

Rosy Tinted Laelia, Laelia rubescens

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Laelia rubescens Lindley 1840 S

Common Name Rosy Tinted Laelia – In Mexico “Guarita”

Flower Size 2″ [4 to 7 cm] Fragrant

A Central American, medium sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte and occasional lithophyte with a single [rarely 2] leaf of dry areas and wooded regions in seasonally dry, deciduous forests at an elevation of sealevel to 1700 meters on exposed tree trunks where they withstand full sun for hours, yet get plenty of air movement to cool down. They are distinguished from other Laelia by their compessed, ovoid, wrinkled, dark green psuedobulbs subtended by papery sheaths carrying a single [rarely 2] leathery, apical, oblong-ovate, spreading or suberect, leathery, v shaped in cross-section, obtuse, basally claping leaf and they flower in the autumn and winter on a new growth with a to 3′ [90 cm] long, terete inflorescence with fragrant flowers all clustered at the apex that may close at night or not, covered in papery sheaths. Mount on tree fern slabs and give bright light, ample water while growing and a dry winter rest after flowering

Synonyms Amalia acuminata (Lindl.) Heynh. 1846; Amalia peduncularis (Lindl.) Heynh. 1846; Amalia rubescens (Lindl.) Heynh. 1846; Bletia acuminata Rchb.f 1861; Bletia peduncularis (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861; Bletia rubescens Rchb.f 1861; Bletia violacea (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1861; Cattleya acuminata Beer 1853; Cattleya pendicularis Beer 1854; Cattleya rubescens Beer 1854; Laelia acuminata Lindley 1841; Laelia inconspicua H.G.Jones 1974; Laelia peduncularis Lindley 1842; Laelia pubescens Lemoine 1852; Laelia rubescens f. peduncularis (Lindl.) Halb. 1993; Laelia violacea Rchb.f 1854

Laelia moyobambae

Laelia moyobambae

Moyobamba Schomburgkia

Moyobamba Schomburgkia, Laelia moyobambae

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Schomburgkia moyobambae Schltr. 1921 SUBGENUS Schomburgkia

Common Name Moyobamba Schomburgkia [An Area In North Peru]

Flower Size 1 3/5″ [4 cm]

Found in Bolivia and Peru as a large sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with fusiform, pseudobulbs carrying 2 apical, linear ligulate leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on an erect, 36″ [1 m] long, racemose inflorescence with rose colored bracts, white ovary and an apical cluster of many [20 to 25] flowers.

Synonyms Laelia moyobambae (Schltr.) C.Schweinf. 1944

Laelia marginata

Laelia marginata Curled Schomburgkia

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Curled Schomburgkia , Laelia marginata

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Schomburgkia crispa Lindley 1838 SUBGENUS Schomburgkia Photo courtesy of © Dalton Holland Baptista and Orchidstudium

Common Name The Curled Schomburgkia

Flower Size 2 to 2.4″ [5 to 6 cm]

Found from Colombia, Venezuela, Fr Guyana, Guyana, Surinam and Northern Brazil at lower elevations as a large sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with clavate-fusiform, compressed, angled and sulcate pseudobulbs enveloped in youth by several membraneosu, acute sheaths and carrying 2 apical, rigid, coriaceouis, erect-patent, apically recurved, oblong, cuneate and lightly concave below into the base leaves that blooms in the summer on a racemose to sub-umbellate, many flowered, 24 to 44″ [60 to 110 cm] long, robust, terete inflorescence.

Synonyms Bletia crispina Rchb. f. 1862; Bletia marginata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1862; Cattleya crispa Beer 1854; Cattleya marginata Beer 1854; Laelia marginata (Lindl.) L.O.Williams 1941; Schomburgkia marginata Hook. 1839; Schomburgkia marginata var immarginata Hkr. 1840

Laelia lyonsii

Laelia lyonsii Lyon’s Schomburgkia

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Lyon's Schomburgkia, Laelia lyonsii

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Schomburgkia lyonsii Lindl. 1853 SUBGENUS Schomburgkia Photo courtesy of Jean Finalle

Common Name or Meaning Lyon’s Schomburgkia [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800’s and original cultivator of species]

Flower Size 1.2″ to 2″ [3 to 5 cm]

Found in Cuba and Jamaica at elevations of sealevel to 800 meters in forest of drier upland valleys with southern exposures on rocks or in trees in exposed locations as a large sized, hot to warm growing lithophyte with tapering cylindrical-elongate pseudobulbs carrying 2 apical, erect, linear leaves that blooms in the later summer through fall on a 60″ [1.5 meter] long, 10 to 25 flowered racemose inflorescence

Synonyms Bletia lyonsii [Lindl.] Rchb.f 1861; Laelia lyonsii [Lindl.] Williams 1941; Scomburgkia carinata Greisbach 1864; Schomburgkia lyonsii var. immaculata H.G.Jones 1972

Laelia gouldiana

Laelia gouldiana Gould’s Laelia

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Gould's Laelia , Laelia gouldiana

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Laelia gouldiana Rchb.f 1888

Common Name Gould’s Laelia [New York Financier 1800’s]

Flower Size 3 1/5″ [8 cm] , Fragrant

Found in Hidalgo state of Mexico in the mountains as a small to medium sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte with fusiform, somewhat compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by 4 to 6 scarious sheaths and carrying 2 to 3, erect, lanceolate, bright green leaves where it is extinct in the wild and perhaps the best of the Mexican Laelias, and blooms on an apical, erect, inflorescence emerge in the fall growing to 30″ [75 cm] and carrying up to 10 well-rounded magenta/red 3″ blooms that are awesome, lip is violet/red with a red-veined white center and a yellow keel, mildly fragrant, grows as easily as L. anceps all occuring in the fall and winter

 

Laelia furfuracea

Laelia furfuracea Scurfy Laelia

Scurfy Laelia, Laelia furfuracea

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Laelia furfuracea Lindl. 1839 SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter Photo by Weyman Bussey.

Common Name Scurfy Laelia or in Mexico – La Monjita – Lirio de San Franscisco – Flor de Nochebuena

Flower Size 2 to 3″ [5 to 8 cm] Fragrant

Found in Oxaxca state of southern Mexico and is a cold to cool growing, mini-miniature to medium sized epiphyte occuring at elevations of 2100 to 3000 meters on the rough bark of scrubby oaks, with a conic-ovoid, 3 noded, slightly ribbed pseudobulb carrying a solitary [rarely 2], apical, erect, lanceolate, acute, fleshy leaf, that blooms in the fall to mid winter on a slender, short to 12″ [15 to 30 cm], arching raceme with 3 to 5 long-lived, fragrant, color variable flowers. This species needs a cork or treefern mount, high humidity year round but it needs a decided winter rest with bright light after the growth has matured.

Synonyms Amalia furfuracea (Lindl.) Heynh, 1846; Bletia furfuracea Rchb.f 1861; Cattleya furfuracea Beer 1854; Laelia autumnalis var. furfuracea [Lindley] Rolfe