Encyclia yauaperyensis

Encyclia yauaperyensis Yauapery Encyclia

Yauapery Encyclia, Encyclia yauaperyensis

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Encyclia yauaperyensis (Barb. Rodr.) Porto & Brade 1935 Photo courtesy of © Dalton Holland Baptista © and Orchidstudium

Fragrance, Part sun, Warm to Hot, LATER Spring EARLY Summer

Common Name The Yauapery Encyclia [A province of Brazil in the Alto Amazonas]

Flower Size .8″ [2cm]

Found in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil and is a unique species in that it is the only SA Encyclia with a triangular midlobe that is also apiculate and ends in a rounded or obtuse point. It is a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or lithophyte occuring at elevations of 400 to 600 meters in subtropical forests with aggregated, lightly rugose, green pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, rigid, slender, subcoriaceous leaves and blooms in the later spring and early summer on a terminal, suberect, paniculate, to 10″ [to 25 cm] long, with 2 to 3 bracts and short flower bracts and carries sweetly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms *Epidendrum yauaperyense Barb. Rodr. 1891

Encyclia withneri

Encyclia withneri Withner’s Encyclia

Withner's Encyclia, Encyclia withneri

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Encyclia withneri (Sauleda) Sauleda & R.M. Adams 1981 Photo courtesy of Gene Schurg.

Common Name Withner’s Encyclia [American Botanist current]

Flower Size 1/2″ [1.25 cm]

Found only on Andros Island in the Bahamas as epiphytes occuring in high coppice habitats where they flower in the spring

Synonyms *Epidendrum withneri Sauleda 1977

Encyclia varicosa

Encyclia varicosa Veined Pollardia

Veined Pollardia , Encyclia varicosa

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Pollardia varicosa [Lindl.] Withner & Harding 2004 Photos by © Pupulin, Used under permission of Epidendra Website CR

Common Name The Veined Pollardia

Flower Size to about 1″ [to about 2.5 cm]

Endemic to Jalisco, Michoacan, Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Vera Cruz, Puebla, and Hidalgo states of Mexico, this small sized, epiphytic, terrestrial or lithophytic species occurs at 1500 to 2800 meters in elevations in wet forests of oak and pine-oak with ovoid-fusiform to ovoid-elliptic, pseudobulbs that extend apically to a thin neck and carrying 2 to 3, apical, elliptic-oblong, to elliptic-lanceolate, acute or subacute leaves an inflorescence that is apical, erect or arching from 1 1/2 to 20″ [75 to 80 cm] long, simple and has from 4 to 25 fragrant, longlasting, glossy textured flowers that blooms mostly in the winter or summer. Chiapas Mx. and Honduras, 1370 to 2400 meters in elev., Montebello Lakes area, terrestrial in shade of large rocks.

Synonyms Encyclia chiriquensis (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918; Encyclia phymatoglossa (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918; Encyclia varicosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) Schltr. 1918; Encyclia varicosa subs lieobulbon [Hkr.] Dressler & Pollard 1971 ; Epidendrum chiriquense Rchb. f. 1852; Epidendrum leiobulbon Hook. f. 1841; Epidendrum lunaeanum A. Rich. ex Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum phymatoglossum Rchb. f. 1852; Epidendrum quadratum Klotzsch 1850; Epidendrum ramirezzi Gojon Sanchez 1930; *Epidendrum varicosum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838; Prosthechea varicosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) W. E. Higgins 1997; Pseudencyclia varicosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

 

Encyclia unaensis

Encyclia unaensis Una Encyclia

Una Encyclia , Encyclia unaensis

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Encyclia unaensis Fowlie 1991 Photo courtesy of Reginaldo Baião São Carlos – Brazil

Common Name The Una Encyclia [A unique small nature preserve in coastal Bahia state Brazil]

Flower Size 1.2″ [2.8 cm]

Found in a small nature preserve in the coastal Atlantic forest of Bahia Brazil at elevations of 10 to 50 meters as a small sized, hot growing epiphyte with spherical to pyriform pseudobulbs carrying one to two apical leaves with a pronounced midrib grooves and acuminate tips that blooms in the summer in situ on a paniculate inflorescence with 7 to 10 non-fragrant flowers.

Encyclia trachycarpa

Encyclia trachycarpa Rough-fruited Encyclia

Rough-fruited Encyclia , Encyclia trachycarpa

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Encyclia trachycarpa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918 Photo courtesy of Robert Weyman Bussey

Common Name Rough-fruited Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/2″ [3.75 cm]

Found only in Jalisco and Colima states of Mexico in tropical deciduous forests and hot dry lowlands as a hot growing epiphyte on trees and cacti, occuring at sealevel to 1300 meters with clustered, conic-ovoid pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3 apical, striate nerved, linear, acute leaves that flowers in the late spring and early summer on a simple to few branched, 1 1/2′ [45 cm] long, 6 to 10 flowered inflorescence. It is normal for the flowers of this species to turn black with drying and age.

Synonyms Encyclia adenocarpon subsp. trachycarpa (Lindl.) Dressler & G.E. Pollard 1971; *Epidendrum trachycarpum Lindl. 1846

 

Encyclia tampensis

Encyclia tampensis Tampa Encyclia

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Tampa Encyclia , Encyclia tampensis

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Encyclia tampensis [Lindl.] Small 1913

Common Name Florida Butterfly Orchid or Tampa Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/2″ [4 cm] , Fragant

A Florida native as well as the Bahamas and as a variety Cuba [encyclia tampense var amesiana], a small to medium sized, warm to cool grower found at elevations of sealevel to 25 meters that likes wood mounts, and blooms on an apical, medium length to 2 1/2′[75 cm], simple or paniculate inflorescence that is longer than the leaves with a few to several fragrant flowers with a sweet scent, occuring in the spring. Easy to attach to palm trees and pines in South Florida and does not need any attention in the way of water or fertilizer.

In the Florida Keys, native plants can bloom in June through August and again in September on a robust plant.

Synonyms Epidendrum porphyrospilum Rchb.f 1877; Encyclia tampensis f. albolabia P.M.Br. 1995; *Epidendrum tampense Lindley 1847;

Encyclia spiritusanctensis

Encyclia spiritusanctensis Espirito Santo Encyclia

Espirito Santo Encyclia, Encyclia spiritusanctensis

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Encyclia spiritusanctensis L.C. Menezes 1991 Photo courtesy of Mauro Rosim of Brazil

Common Name Espirito Santo Encyclia [A state in Brazil just north of Rio De Janiero]

Flower Size 2″ [5 cm]

Found in Espirito Santo state, Brazil at elevations around 500 meters and was discovered as recently as 1991 as a lithophyte on rock outcroppings in full sun with ovate-elongate pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several evanescent, imbricating sheaths and carries 2 to 4 apical, coriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, cymbidiform leaves and blooms in the summer in Brazil, and has up to 10, fragrant flowers on a to 9′ 10″ [to 280 cm] long, paniculate inflorescence. This species is similar to E advena but differs in being lithophytic, very long inflorescence, larger flowers, purple color to floral segments, very large subquadratic midlobe of the lip.

Synonyms Encyclia megalantha var spiritusanctensismMenzes 1990; Encyclia espiritusanctensis L.C. Menezes; Epidendrum espiritu-santense Dodson & R. Vásquez 1989

 

Encyclia spatella

Encyclia spatella Spatulate-Petaled Encyclia
Spatulate-Petaled Encyclia , Encyclia spatella

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Encyclia spatella (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1924 – in situ in Jalisco Mexico 6/01

Common Name The Spatulate-Petaled Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/2″ [3.75 cm]

Endemic to Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Mexico where it occurs at 750 to 1500 meters in elevation as a medium sized epiphyte [lithophytes found in the same areas are attributed to E huerta] in oak forests or lava flows near tropical forests with conical to oblong-pyriform pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, coriaceous, strap-shaped, acute leaves and blooms in the summer on an apical, branched, to 4′ [120 cm] long, fractiflex, few to many flowered inflorescence. Jalisco MX., 610m elev., 40 klm S.E. of Puerto Vallarta, epiphytic on oaks. This species which is always an epiphyte, Encyclia huerta [always a lithophyte], Encyclia meliosma and Encyclia aenicta are all very close in most characteristics and are certainly related, Dressler & Pollard separate them essentially by the lip being acuminate [ending in a point] the length of the column 5.5 to 7mm, for E meliosma the lip being obtuse, retuse or mucronate and the column measuring between 7 to 10.5 mm for Encyclia spatella. Encyclia aenicta is more often a terrestrial than an epiphyte and has less flair to the lip.

Synonyms *Epidendrum spatella Rchb. f. 1856

 

Encyclia selligera

Encyclia selligera Saddle-lipped Encyclia

Saddle-lipped Encyclia , Encyclia selligera

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Encyclia selligera (Bateman ex Lindl.) Schltr. 1914 Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Common Name Saddle-lipped Encyclia

Flower Size to 1 1/2″ [to 3.75 cm] , Fragrant

A medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphytic species that occurs in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico and the Bahamas [growing on small trees and on the limestone rocks below] at altitudes of 0 to 2200 meters in oak and pine-oak forests high up on the trunks or higher branches of trees with clustered, conical-ovoid to pyriform pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by a few scarious sheaths and carrying 2, towards the apex, ligulate or elliptic-ligulate, obtuse, gradually tapering below into the conduplicate clasping base leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on a terminal, apical, large, to 3′ [90 cm] long, branched, verrucose, loosely many flowered inflorescence arising on a newly matured psudobulb occuring with showy, long-lived, fragrant flowers. Chiapas Mx., 1890m elev., near Teopisca, epiphytic on oaks.

Synonyms *Epidendrum selligerum Bateman ex Lindl.1838; Epidendrum violodora Galeotti ex Lindl. 1853;

Encyclia seidelii

Encyclia seidelii Seidel’s Encyclia

Seidel's Encyclia, Encyclia seidelii

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Encyclia seidelii Pabst 1976 Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Common Name Seidel’s Encyclia [Brazilian Orchid Nursery Owners Current]

Flower Size 1 3/5″ [4 cm]

Found in Espiritu Santo, Rio de Janiero, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo states of Brazil at elevations of 1000 to 1500 meters as a small sized, cool to warm growing lithophyte with conical to pyriform, bright reddish with sun pseudobulbs carrying 2, apical, coriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, cymbidiform leaves and blooms in the Brazilian spring [November- January]and summer on a, terminal, erect, 2’4″ [70 cm] long, racemose, several [8 to 10] flowered inflorescence with lancelolate, stem clasping bracts and unscented flowers that are smaller for the genus. Similar to E kundergraeberii but differs in being rupicolous, a long rhizome, short and wide leaves and the midlobe of the lip larger than the lateral lobes.