Phalaenopsis bellina

Phalaenopsis bellina Beautiful Phalaenopsis

Beautiful Phalaenopsis , Phalaenopsis bellina

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Phalaenopsis bellina Christenson 1995 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Amboinenses Sweet 1968 Photo courtesy of Allen Black.

Common Name The Beautiful Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 2″ [5 cm] Fragrant

This species is a small sized, hot growing, pendant growing epiphyte from Malaysia and Borneo in shady, humid, lowland and swampy riverine forests low down on trees often near or on branches overhanging stream banks at elevations of sealevel to 200 meters with an erect to ascending, short stem completely enveloped by persistant leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying pendulous, broad, rounded, light green leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a suberect or arcuate, 2 3/4″ [7 cm] long, racemose or paniculate, few flowered inflorescence with a flattened, fractiflex rachis and small ovate bracts and has only 2 to 3, highly fragrant flowers open at a time. The inflorescence on older plants can rebloom year after year so do not cut off green viable inflorescence.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis bellina f. bowringiana (Rchb.f.) Christenson 1995; Phalaenopsis bellina f. murtoniana (Rchb.f.) Christenson 1995; Phalaenopsis bellina f. punctata (Rchb.f.) Christenson 1995; Phalaenopsis violacea var bellina Rchb.f 1884; Phalaenopsis violacea var chloracea Rchb.f 1884; Phalaenopsis violacea Borneo Variety; Phalaenopsis violacea var. bowringiana Rchb.f. 1884; Phalaenopsis violacea var. murtoniana Rchb.f. 1878; Phalaenopsis violacea var. punctata Rchb.f. 1884

Ternate, Benteng, Fort, Oranye

Ternate, Benteng, Fort, Oranye

Ternate-Benteng-Fort-Oranye

Benteng Oranye once stood as an imposing fort in 1607. It was used by the Dutch as headquarters for their VOC operations until 1619 when they moved it to Jakarta, then known as Batavia. The fort was then used as a residence of the governors of Ternate.

Today, Benteng Oranye is found in the central market of Ternate, almost completely hidden from sight. All that is left of this once magnificent fort are its three renovated walls and bastions topped with cannons.

Banda Besar Fort Hollandia

Banda Besar Fort Hollandia

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=91

Hollandia fort built in 1624 on top of a hill. Was originally called Fort Lontar or Lonthoir, but then in 1628 named Fort Hollandia by local authorities Pieter Vlack. This fort was once a magnificent building that was destroyed before it was rocked by an earthquake in 1743. 1796 when the Dutch authorities, Francois van Boeckholtz must withdraw from Fort Belgica, he built and strengthened a number of forts including forts Hollandia.

Buru Fort Kayeli

Buru Fort Kayeli

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=35

Kayeli people (Indonesian: Suku Kayeli) is an ethnic group mainly living on the southern coast of the Kayeli Bay of Indonesian island Buru. From an ethnographic point of view Kayeli are close to other indigenous people of Buru, such as Lisela and Buru. There were about 800 Kayeli people in the early 2000s.[1][2] By religion, most Kayeli are Sunni Muslims, with some remnants of pagan beliefs.Ethnogenesis of Kayeli is directly associated with the colonization of the Buru island by the Dutch East India Company in the 17th century. In 1658, the first permanent Dutch settlement and a military fort were built at the southern coast of Kayeli Bay, and for two centuries it was the administrative center of the island. Accordingly, thousands of indigenous people were forcibly relocated to this area from other parts of the island, including much of the tribal nobility, and about thirteen large villages had been built around the fort. The relocation was designed to facilitate control over the local population and provide workforce for clove fields which were being planted by the Dutch in this part of the island. Kayeli ethnicity with its own language was formed as a mixture of the newly arriving settlers and the native population of the fort area. The presence among the ancestors of the tribal aristocracy and interaction with the Dutch colonial administration resulted in a special position of Kayeli over the next centuries, who claimed the role of indigenous elite of the island. The remains of the Dutch fort near Kayeli Bay Upon gradual softening of the colonial system, many tribes which were moved to Kayeli Bay started returning to their ancestral homes. So in 1880s, the leaders (rajas) of Leliali, Wae Sama and Fogi moved back a significant part of their ethnic groups; they were joined in the early 1900s by Tagalisa. So the Muslim (indigenous) population of Kayeli fort decreased from 1,400 in the 1850s to 231 in 1907. The decay was accelerated by the departure of the Dutch in the 1950s and formation of independent Indonesia. The fort was abandoned and most Kayeli people were assimilated by other tribes. Whereas a small Kayeli community still remains at Kayeli Bay, their language is likely los

Banda-Naira-Fort-Nassau-Neira

Banda-Naira-Fort-Nassau-Neira

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=58

Conversely, the presence of the Dutch nation that quickly familiar with the indigenous population, making the envy of other traders. When Fort Nassau fell into the hands of the Dutch and then leased to a native as a storage warehouse nutmeg and mace, the condition is causing a split between the Dutch and the natives Banda. Overcome this situation, the Dutch and established a fort at the back of Fort Nassau, Fort Nassau as patron if there is an attack from the natives.

Seram Manipa Fort Wantrouw

Seram Manipa Fort Wantrouw

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=9

In 1656 Governor De Vlaming van Oudshoorn to strictly limit the planting and cultivation of cloves on the island (including also the island of Buru, Seram and some other small islands). Immediate advantages of clove trees are cut, thus making the locals resent the VOC and then revolt and kill anyone who is in the castle, which was then headed by a deputy head of trading, while the head of the trade is being treated in Ambon. Under the leadership of Arnold de Vlaming, VOC incinerated plants and reply with the locals, thus making the island Manipa like hell. Lots of locals who fled famine and death. The fort guarded about 20 soldiers under the command of a sergeant, who then did not have much activity, because almost all the clove trees on the island Manipa been destroyed, the residents had fled into the interior. In 1768 Fort Wantrouw declared unfit for human habitation, and then in 1785 part of the building collapsed on its own castle.

Tidore Fort Torre

Tidore Fort Torre

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=26

The beautiful island of Tidore is just a few minutes across the sea from Ternate by speedboat. Like Ternate, it is also an ancient spice-trading sultanate dominated by a towering volcano, Gunung Kiematubu. Its attractions are also similar: historic forts, beaches, and good hiking possibilities.

Ternate Fort Tolukko

Ternate Fort Tolukko

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=20

Fort Tolukko was built by the Portuguese on the island of Ternate in Indonesia’s Maluku Islands. Also known as Benteng Hollandia, it was first built in 1512 in support of Portuguese efforts to monopolise the lucrative clove trade and to entrench their dominance over other European powers. It was restored by the Dutch in 1610 who became the dominant power in Maluku

Ambon Fort Seith

Ambon Fort Seith

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=63

FORT SEITH
Data Umum & Lokasi (General Data And Location)

Nomor PDA (PDA Inv. No.)
623.1/29/03.01/08

Nama (Name)
FORT SEITH

Nama Lain (Other Name)
KOTA LAMA SEITH/CEITH (HOEK VAN HULUNG),BENTENG SONDER NAAM

Fungsi Sekarang (Current Function)
Tidak difungsikan

Koordinat situs (Site Coordinate)
S: 03? 35.483′ E 128? 01.737′

Tahun Dibangun (Year of Build)
1643

Bangsa Pembangun (Builder)
Belanda

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