Dendrobium yeageri

Dendrobium yeageri Yeager’s Dendrobium

Yeager's Dendrobium, Dendrobium yeagerei

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Dendrobium yeageri Ames & Quisumb. 1934

Common Name Yeager’s Dendrobium [American Orchid Enthusiast early 1900’s in the Philippines]

Flower Size 1.2 to 1.6″ [3 to 4 cm]

Found in the Philippines as a small to medium sized, warm growing epiphyte with slender, pendulous, clustered stems that rarely branch and carry mnay, lanceolate, pointed leaves and blooms on a short, 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence with showy flowers arising in the spring. This species is closely related to D victoria reginae but the color pattern is reversed.

Dendrobium wenzelii

Dendrobium wenzelii Wenzel’s Dendrobium

Wenzel's Dendrobium, Dendrobium wenzellii

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Dendrobium wenzelii Ames 1915

Common Name Wenzel’s Dendrobium [Orchid Collector in the Philippines 1800’s]

Flower Size less than 1/2″ [Less than 1.25 cm]

This is an endemic to the Philippines, miniature sized, hot growing species from the island of Leyte at elevations of 300 meters or less with slender stems carrying many, rigid, triangular, sickle-shaped, 2 ranked leaves all along the stem that blooms on a short, 1 flowered inflorescence that arises from the cushion af fiberous scales at the stem nodes across from the rudimentary leafs. This orchid has a zigzag leaf pattern like the Dichaea but the last 2 apical leaves always appear to be orange in color. A slight reduction of water and fertilizer should occur through the winter months and only increased with the arrival of new growth in the spring.

Synonyms Aporum wenzelii (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003

Dendrobium uniflorum

Dendrobium uniflorum Single Flowered Dendrobium

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Single Flowered Dendrobium , Dendrobium uniflorum

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Dendrobium uniflorum Griff. 1851

Common Name Single Flowered Dendrobium

Flower Size 1/2 to 1.2″ [1.25 to 3.1 cm]

Found in Thailand, Vietnam, penninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and the Phillipines, at elevations around 300 meters in evergreen lowland forests and primary montane forests as a medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with erect, grooved, swollen stems that are often marked with red stripes carrying many, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, distichous, twisted basally, deciduous leaves that are apically bilobed and all lie in a single plane , occuring at elevations of 100 to 700 meters often in full sun, where it blooms with a single flower that arises rom the nodes of leafless canes with heavy textured, longlasting flowers occuring in the spring. A steady water and fertilizer regimen suits this orchid well.

Synonyms Dendrobium revolutum Ridley 1907 non Lindl.; Dendrobium quadrisulcatum J.J. Sm. 1917; Dendrobium tonkinense De Wild. 1906; Dendrobium uniflorum var. angustum Quisumb. 1950; Distichorchis angusta (Quisumb.) M.A.Clem. 2003; Distichorchis quadrisulcata (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003; Distichorchis uniflora (Griff.) M.A.Clem. 2003

Dendrobium thyrsiflorum

Dendrobium thyrsiflorum Pine Cone-Like Raceme Dendrobium

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Pine Cone-Like Raceme Dendrobium, Dendrobium thyrsiflorum

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Dendrobium thyrsiflorum Rchb.f 1875

Common Name The Pine Cone-Like Raceme Dendrobium – In Thailand – Ueang mawn khai – In China Qui Hua Shi Hu

Flower Size to 2″ [to 5 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Hainan China, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Myanamr, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam as a small to large sized, warm to cool growing, epiphytic, lithophytic or terrestrial speciesfound in humid, mossy mixed and coniferous forests enjoys lots of light and air movement and has slender, ridged, rounded, club-shaped, yellowish apically stems carrying 5 to 7, persistent, smooth, flexible, dark green leaves that blooms in the spring on a pendant, 12″ [30 cm] long, densly several to many [30 to 50] fragrant flowered raceme that arise from near the apex of the cane and is best mounted on driftwood and is a native of The Himalayas, China, Thailand and Burma at elevations of 1200 to 2000 meters with semi shade. Water sparingly throught he winter months and reduce the fertilizer until the initiation of new growth in the spring.

Synonyms Callista thyrsiflora (Rchb.f. ex André) M.A.Clem. 2003; Dendrobium densiflorum var. alboluteum Hook.f. 1869; Dendrobium galliceanum Linden 1890;

Dendrobium taurinum

Dendrobium taurinum Bull Headed Dendrobium

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Bull Headed Dendrobium , Dendrobium taurinum

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Dendrobium taurinum Lindl. 1843

Common Name or Meaning The Bull Headed Dendrobium

Flower Size 2 to 2.6″ [5 to 6.5 cm]

Found in the Philippines in coastal mangrove swamps and open woody plateaus at elevations below 300 meters as a large sized, hot growing epiphyte with cane-like, stiffly erect, cylindrical or strongly spindle shaped, basally brown orange stems carrying many, dark, shiney green, broad, thick, leathery, elliptical, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the spring on a from near the apex, axillary, erect, slightly fractiflex, 4 to 48″ [10 to 122 cm] long, 6 to 30 flowered inflorescence arising from the nodes near the apex and carry long-lasting flowers

Synonyms Dendrobium taurinum f alba Valmayor & Tiu 1984

Dendrobium secundum

Dendrobium secundum Anggerek sikat gigi

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Dendrobium-secundum-01-800

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Dendrobium secundum [Bl.] Lindl. 1828

Fragrance, Part sun, Cool To Hot LATE Spring and Summer

Common Name Refers to the flowers all facing one direction – in Indonesia – Anggerek sikat gigi or toothbrush orchid – In Thailand – ueang praeng sifan – Khaw ngu hao – Ueang ngawn kai

Flower Size to 1/2″ [to 1.25 cm]

This semi-pendulous, medium to large sized, cool to hot growing, cane species is found in Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, penninsular Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo New Guinea and the Philippines in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 700 meters with erect or semipendulous, stout, tapering at both ends, sulcate stems with oblong to oblong-lanceolate, persistent, unequally bilobed apically leaves that bloom in the late summer through late spring on last years mature pseudobulb with the 5″ [12.5 cm] long inflorescence arising from near the apex of the leafless canes with many [50], waxy, glossy, fragrant flowers that do not open well. This orchid should be mounted to accomodate the often pendulous growth habit but if a pot is used it should be as small as possible and it should be allowed to dry out between waterings and fertilizer lessened through the winter months resuming only after the initiation of new growth in the spring.

Synonyms Callista bursigera [Lindley]O. Ktze 1891; Callista secunda [Bl.] O. Ktze 1891; Dendrobium bursigerum Lindley 1859; Dendrobium heterostigma Rchb.f 1859; Dendrobium secundum f. album Valmayor; Dendrobium secundum [Bl.]Lindl. var bursigerum Ridley; Dendrobium secundum var. niveum Rchb.f. 1882; Pedilonum bursigerum (Lindl.) Rauschert 1983; *Pedilonum secundum Bl. 1825

Anggerek sikat gigi , Dendrobium secundum

Dendrobium schuetzei

Dendrobium schuetzei Schuetze’s Dendrobium

Schuetze's Dendrobium , Dendrobium schuetzei

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Dendrobium schuetzei Rolfe 1911

Common Name Schuetze’s Dendrobium

Flower Size to 3″ [to 7.5 cm]

Found in the Philippines at elevations of 300 meters as a small to medium sized, warm to hot growing epiphyte and likes to be kept moist. They have erect, 12 noded, stems with many, narrolwy ovate, suberect, coriaceous, obscurely bilobed apically leaves that can bloom in the winter and fall on a short, 3 to 4 flowered raceme with fragrant, waxy flowers that is longer than the leaves and arising from bracts near the apex of the cane and like an even year round watering and fertilizing schedule.

Dendrobium sanderae

Dendrobium sanderae Sander’s Dendrobium

Sander's Dendrobium , Dendrobium sanderae

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Dendrobium sanderae Rolfe var major 1909

Common Name Mrs. Sander’s Dendrobium [English Nurseryman’s wife and compiler of hybrid names late 1800’s]

Flower Size to 4″ [to 10 cm]

Found only in the mountains of Central Luzon in the Philippines at altitudes of 1000 to 1650 meters where it grows as a medium to large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte on trunks of pine trees with erect, slightly thickened below the middle, longitudinally striate stem covered with leaf-sheaths that have black hairs and carrying to 40, ovate to narrowly ovate, bilobed at apex leaves and blooms in the spring through fall on a short, apical and lateral, raceme with 2 to 4, longlived flowers that arise from the nodes near the apex of the cane. Plants should be allowed to dry out somewhat through the winter months and a reduction in fertilizer is beneficioal as well. Resume regular water and fertilizer after the initiation of new growth in the spring.

Synonyms Dendrobium sanderae var major Hort 1954; Dendrobium sanderae var. milleri Quisumb. 1958; Dendrobium sanderae var. parviflorum Anschutz ex Quisumb. 1949; Dendrobium sanderae var. surigaense Quisumb. 1951

Dendrobium sanderae var. surigaense Quisumb. 1951 Photo courtesy of J. Cootes, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III

Differs from the norm by being a smaller plant, with slendere stems, narrower leaves and has flowers with relatively narrow oval petals with revolute margins and a much broader lip with revolute margins.

Dendrobium ramosii

Dendrobium ramosii Ramos’ Dendrobium

Dendrobium-ramosii

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Dendrobium ramosii Ames 1912 SECTION Pedilonium

Common Name Ramos’ Dendrobium [Philippine Orchid Collector 1900’s]

Flower Size .4 to .8″ [1 to 2 cm]

Endemic to Luzon Island, The Philippines on open ground at elevations of 1200 to 1300 meters in montane forests as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with slender, cane-loke stems carrying many, linear leaves are held in 2 rows and blooms on a short, few [5] flowered inflorescence that arise from the tip and along the stem of leafless canes occuring at most any time of the year. Plants should dry out between waterings in the winter months and resumed with the onset of new growth in the spring.

Dendrobium profusum

Dendrobium profusum Profusely Flowered Dendrobium

Dendrobium-profusum

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Dendrobium profusum Rchb.f. 1884

Common Name The Profusely Flowered Dendrobium

Flower Size 1″ [2.5 cm]

Found in the Philippines as a medium sized, epiphyte with slender, pendulous, green stems carrying deciduous leaves that blooms on a slender, to 7 flowered inflroescence arising on leafless mature stems and arise from near the apex of the stem.

Synonyms Eurycaulis profusus (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. 2003