Cymbidium tracyanum

Cymbidium tracyanum Tracy’s Cymbidium

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Tracy's Cymbidium, Cymbidium tracyanum

Cymbidium tracyanum Rolfe 1890

Common Name Tracy’s Cymbidium [English Orchid Grower 1800’s and first to flower species] – In Thailand Ueang dinn noe – Phisuea – Ueang chat- Kare karawn khao – In China Xi Zang Hu Tao Lan

Flower Size 4 to 6″ [10 to 15 cm]

Found as a large sized, epiphyte or lithophyte in China, Thailand and Myanamar on tree trunks, forks and damp rocks on wooded slopes at elevations of 1200 to 1900 meters where it grows cold to cool, needs even year round watering and fertilizer and has bilaterally compressed, elongate-ovate pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several sheaths and carrying linear-ligulate, distinctly keeled on the underside, acute mid green leaves that blooms on an erect, basal, 3 to 4’4″ [90 to 130 cm] long, arching, densely many [10 to 20] flowered inflorescence with triangular floral bracts and carrying strongly fragrant flowers occuring in the fall and early winter .

Synonyms Cyperorchis tracyana (L.Castle) Schltr. 1924

Cymbidium tigrinum

Cymbidium tigrinum Tiger Striped Cymbidium

Cymbidium tigrinum Parish ex Hook. f. 1864

Fragrance, Full sun, Cold To Cool Spring To MID Summer

Common Name Tiger Striped Cymbidium – In China Ban She Lan

Flower Size 2 to 4″ [5 to 10 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Myanamar and Assam India as a miniature sized lithophyte growing on rocks at elevations of 1000 to 2700 meters as a cold to cool growing species with ovoid to ovoid-conical pseudobulbs and carrying 3 to 5, coriaceous, recurved, narrowly elliptic to oblong-lanceolate leaves with a short petiole that blooms in the spring to mid-summer on an erect, slender, 4.8″ to 9.2″ [12 to 23 cm] long, basal, 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence that is longer than the leavves and has lanceolate floral bracts that are shorter than the ovaries and fragrant [honey] flowers.

Synonyms Cyperorchis tigrina (C.S.P.Parish ex Hook.) Schltr. 1924

Cymbidium suavissimum

Cymbidium suavissimum Softest Cymbidium

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Softest Cymbidium, Cymbidium suavissimum

Cymbidium suavissimum Sander ex C.H.Curtis 1928

Fragrance,  Part shade,  Warm Cool Summer

Common Name The Softest Cymbidium – In China Guo Xiang Lan

Flower Size 1.4″ [3.5 cm]

Found in Myanamar, Guizhou and Yunnan China and Vietnam in lower primary, open, mossy, coniferous forests on rocky, marble-like karst limestone at elevations of 700 to 1100 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing epiphtye, lithophyte or terrestrial orchid with ovoid, lightly bi-laterally compressed pseudobulbs enveloped by presistent leaf beariong sheaths and to 5 purple cataphyls which become scarious and then fibrous with age and carrying 5 to 7, the shortest grading into the cataphylls, linear-elliptic, arching, acute, usually oblique apically, articulated about .8 to 2.5″ [22 to 6 cm] from the pseudobulb leaves that blooms in the summer on a suberect, robust, to 50 flowered inflorescence with sweetly fruitily scented, close set flowers

Basically this species and C floribundum have many similarities but they differ in that this one has larger pseduobulbs to 2.4″ [6 cm] long, purple cataphylls, a much longer leaf to 28″ [to 70 cm] long, a much wider leaf, a to 20″ [50 cm] long inflorescence carrying more flowers [to 50], that are fruit scented, has an auricle at the colum base, longer sepals and petals as well as blooming in the summer.

C floribundum has small 1.15″ [3.3 cm] long pseudobulbs with green cataphylls and a smaller in length as well as width leaf, a shorter inflorescence with less flowers that are unscented have no auricle at the column base, with smaller sepals and petals and blooms in the spring.

Cymbidium suave

Cymbidium suave Grassy Boat-Lip Orchid

Cymbidium suave R. Brown 1810

Common Name Refers to being soft, gentle, mild, or mild smelling ? which one? The Grassy Boat-Lip Orchid

Flower Size 3/4″ to 1 1/4″ [2 to 3 cm]

Found in coastal Queensland and New South Wales Australia as a large to giant sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte as a coastal species that is found at elevations of sealevel to 1350 meters in decaying heartwood of Eucalyptus trees without pseudobulbs and has a thin, woody stem enveloped by leaf sheath bases and carrying 6 to 11, thin textured, distichous, ligulate, arching, obtuse to subacute leaves. It flowers from late winter though early summer on a basal, arching to pendant, 6 to 14″ [15 to 35 cm] long, racemose many [40] flowered inflorescence with sweetly fragrant, closely set flowers. This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence

Synonyms Cymbidium gomphocarpum Fitz.

Grassy Boat-Lip Orchid , Cymbidium suave

Cymbidium sinense

Cymbidium sinense Chinese Cymbidium

Cymbidium sinense [And.] Willd. 1805

Common Name The Chinese Cymbidium – in Japan – Hosai-Ran – Taiwan- Ran – In China Mo Lan

Flower Size 2″ [5 cm]

This is a Chinese and Northern Vietnam miniature terrestrial occuring in lowland forests in rich humus in damp crevasses or in soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses that is cold to warm growing and has ovoid pseudobulbs carrying narrow-linear, glossy leaves and blooms with a basal, erect, 2′ 10″ [to 80 cm] long, many [20] flowered, racemose inflorescence with overlapping sheaths and fragrant flowers held well above the leaves occuring in the fall through spring.

Synonyms Cymbidium albojucundissimum Hayata 1914 ; Cymbidium chinense Heynh. 1841; Cymbidium fragrans Salisb. 1812; Cymbidium hoosai Makino 1902; Cymbidium sinense f. pallidiflorum (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990; Cymbidium sinense f. taiwanianum (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990; Cymbidium sinense var. pallidiflorum S.S.Ying 1987; Cymbidium sinense var. taiwanianum S.S.Ying 1987; *Epidendrum sinense Andrews 1802

Chinese Cymbidium, Cymbidium sinense

Cymbidium sigmoideum

Cymbidium sigmoideum “S” Shaped Cymbidium

"S" Shaped Cymbidium , Cymbidium sigmoideum

Cymbidium sigmoideum J.J.Sm. 1907

Common Name The “S” Shaped Cymbidium

Flower Size 1.4 to 1.8″ [3.5 to 4.5 cm]

Found in Malaysia, Borneo, Java and Sumatra in cooler montane forests often in deep shade at elevations of 800 to 1700 as a large sized, cool growing epiphyte with stem-like, not inflated, inconspicuous paeudobulbs enveloped completely by leaf bases and carrrying 9 to 12, linear-obovate, acute, articulated 2 to 3.2″ [5 to 8 cm] from the pseudobulb that blooms sporadically throughout the year on a basal, horizontal to pendulous, 10 to 29.5 [25 to 83 cm] long, 4 to 23 flowered, purple inflorescence enveloped by 9 to 10, imbricate, cymbiform, acute bracts and ovate to triangular, acute floral bracts and carrying waxy flowers

Synonyms Cymbidium kinabaluense K.M.Wong & C.L.Chan 1993; Cyperorchis sigmoidea (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm.1927

Cymbidium schroederi

Cymbidium schroederi  Schroeder’s Cymbidium

 Schroeder's Cymbidium, Cymbidium schroederi

Cymbidium schroederi Rolfe 1905

Common Name Schroeder’s Cymbidium [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800’s] – In China Xue Shi Lan

Flower Size 3.2″ to 3.6″ [8 to 9 cm]

Found in south central Vietnam in open evergreen, primary forests on trees at elevations of 1350 to 1700 meters as a large sized, cool growing humus epiphyte with ovoid, bilaterally flattened pseudobulbs carrying to 6, linear-elliptic, acute leaves articulated to a broad leaf bearing sheath that blooms in the late winter through spring on a basal, suberect, arching, 17.6″ to 26″ [44 to 65 cm] long, 14 to 23 flowered inflroescence enveloped by bracts and with triangular floral bracts and carrying non-scented flowers.

Synonyms Cyperorchis schroederi (Rolfe) Schltr. 1924

Cymbidium sanderae

Cymbidium sanderae Sander’s Cymbidium

Sander's Cymbidium, Cymbidium sanderae

Cymbidium sanderae Sander ex Rolfe 1904

Common Name Sander’s Cymbidium [Wife of Renowned English Orchid Nurseryman 1800’s]

Flower Size 3″ [7.5 cm]

Found in Myanamar in open, humid, evergreen, montane forests on trees as a medium sized, cold to warm growing epiphyte with clustered, ovoid, lightly bilaterally compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several imbricating leaf bases carrying 9 to 15 linear-elliptic, thin textured, tapering to an acute entire apex leaves articulated to a broadly sheathing base 3.6″ [9 cm] from the pseudobulb that blooms on a 12 to 20″ [30 to 50 cm] long, suberect to arching, 3 to 15 flowered inflorescence with very fragrant flowers occuring in the winter and late spring.

Synonyms Cymbidium parishii var. sanderae Rolfe 1904

Cymbidium roseum

Cymbidium roseum Rose-Colored Cymbidium

Rose-Colored Cymbidium , Cymbidium roseum

Cymbidium roseum J.J.Sm. 1905

Common Name The Rose-Colored Cymbidium

Flower Size 2 to 2.4″ [5 to 6 cm]

Found in the penninsular Malayasia , Java and Sumatra in crevices on vertical rock faces or low down on trees at elevations around 1450 to 2400 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or terrestro-lithophytic orchid with stem-like pseudobulbs completely enveloped by leaf sheaths and carrying 7 to 12, strap-shaped, somewhat unequally bilobed apically, tough, leathery leaves that blooms in the fall on an axillary, erect to horizontal, 12″ [30 cm] long, 2 to 5 flowered infloresence mostly enveloped by 9 sheaths and carrying triangular, acute floral bracts and faintly fragrant flowers that do not open fully.

Both of the specimens pictured are correct. This is a variable species in form and color.

Synonyms Cyperorchis rosea (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1924

Cymbidium rectum

Cymbidium rectum Erect Cymbidium

Erect Cymbidium, Cymbidium rectum

Cymbidium rectum Ridl. 1920

Common Name The Erect Cymbidium [refers to the inflorescence]

Flower Size 1.6″ [4 cm]

Found in pennisular Malaysia and Borneo in wet open forests at elevations of 400 to 800 meters as a large sized, hot growing epiphyte with elongate-ovoid pseudobulbs enveloped by 2 to 3 cataphylls and a few leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying 7 to 9, narrowly ligulate, unequally bilobed to oblique apically, v-shaped in cross-section, coriaceous, stiff, arching leaves that blooms mostly in the late winter and spring on a suberect to horizontal, to 16″ [40 cm] long, to 17 flowered inflroescence with about 5, cymbiform, overlapping, spreading sheaths towards the base and triangular floral bracts