South Kalimantan Tabanio Fort Tabanio

South Kalimantan Tabanio Fort Tabanio

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=456

Tabanio is a strategic area with high economic potentials because of the pepper yards and fisheries, and also because there are gold mines in Palaihari area, southeast of the fort. Tabanio had been coveted by foreign traders. When VOC arrived at the place, they made agreements with Banjar Kingdom, with the objective to facilitate VOC monopoly at Banjar. One of the agreements stipulated that VOC build Fort Tabanio, as recorded in Banjer Contract of July 6, 1779, article 7. After conducting trading for half a century, the Dutch took advantage of the weak position of Banjar Kingdom, when there occurred a struggle of power between Prince Nata and Prince amir. To maintain his power, Prince Nata asked the help of the Dutch who agreed, on the condition that Prince Nata agreed to relinquish part of his land to the Dutch. Eventually the Dutch succeeded to eliminate Prince Amir, and obtained half of Banjar Kingdom. In 1854m fort Tabanio was occupied by Idris who was then appointed as a royal employee and Idrus quickly obtained the trust of his superiors and became Chief of Riam Kanan (the right bank). Just like Prince Amin Oelah, Demang Lehman succeeded to collect many followers to rebel against the Dutch.

South Sulawesi Sanrobone Fort Sanrobone

South Sulawesi Sanrobone Fort Sanrobone

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The area around Fort Sanrobone is a densely populated settlement with many fishponds own by the people. There is the tomb of Sanrobone King near the mosque, which is the site of pilgrimage by the people. In the northeast field a traditional dwelling has been built, used to conduct public meetings. Akses Menuju Lokasi (Access to location description) The site can be easily reached since the greatest part of the road is already asphalted. By car or motor-cycle from Makassar city, the journey would take about 1.5 hours Uraian Tentang Kawasan (Environmental Description 1km radius) The fort is located in Takalar Regency, 40 km south of Makassar city on the lowlands, near a beautiful beach; densely populated with insufficient public facilitiesLocated on the island fortress Sanrobone Sanrobone Takalar District. Making the walls and walls of the fort Sanrobone by Panca Dampang Belong (King of the Kingdom Sanrobone I) on the orders of King of Gowa and carried out by the people as a mutual aid around XVI century. Sanrobone fortress made of brick and formed a boat with a length of about 3.7 km. The fort has seven doors of the fortress which is 4 doors in the direction of the compass and 3 small doors. Some of the hillside history of them, cannon weighing about 150 kg, keris, and the tomb of King Sanrobone (kabbanga). The fort is interesting to visit because of past history is worth about the existence and struggle Sanrobone kingdom in South Sulawesi.

South Sulawesi Makassar Fort Rotterdam

South Sulawesi Makassar Fort Rotterdam

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=520

Fort Rotterdam or Fort Ujung Pandang (Fri Pandang) is a fortress of the Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo heritage. The location of the fort was located on the west coast city of Makassar, South Sulawesi. The fort was built in 1545 by the King of Gowa to a named I-9 manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tumpa’risi ‘kallonna. This fort was originally made from clay, but in the reign of King of Gowa-14 Sultan Alauddin construction of the fort was changed to stone padas are sourced from the Karst Mountains in the Maros. Ujung Pandang fortress is shaped like a turtle who wanted to crawl down into the ocean. Shape is very clear in terms of the philosophy of the kingdom of Gowa, that turtles can live on land and at sea. So even with the Kingdom of Gowa who triumphed on land and at sea. The original name of this fort is Fort Ujung Pandang, usually well-Gowa Makassar people call this fort as Fort Panyyua which is the headquarters of the kingdom of Gowa frogmen. Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo Bungayya finally signed an agreement which requires that one clause of the Kingdom of Gowa to surrender the fort to the Dutch. At the time the Dutch occupied the fort, the name changed to Fort Ujung Pandang Fort Rotterdam. Cornelis Speelman deliberately chose the name Fort Rotterdam to commemorate the birth in the Netherlands. This fort was later used by the Dutch as a central storage of spices in eastern Indonesia. In the complex there are now Ujung Pandang fortress La Galigo Museum where there are many references on the history of the greatness of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) and other areas in South Sulawesi. Most of the buildings are still intact fortress and become one of the attractions in the city of Makassar.

Gorontalo Otanaha Fort

Gorontalo Otanaha Fort

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Benteng Otanaha is a tourist attraction located on a hill in the Village Dembe I, West City District, the city of Gorontalo. The fort was built around the year 1522. Otanaha fortress situated on a hill, and have 4 pieces and 348 pieces of a haven to the top of the stairs up to the location of the fort. Number of steps is not the same for every stopover. From the base to a haven I have 52 steps, to sojourn II contained 83 steps, to sojourn there are 53 steps III, IV and to stop having 89 steps. While the fort area there are 71 steps, so the total number of steps is 348. Around the 15th century, the notion that most of the land Gorontalo is sea water. At that time, under the Government of the Kingdom of Gorontalo Ilato king, or queen Matolodulakiki with Tilangohula (1505-1585). They pick the three breeds, namely Ndoba (female), Tiliaya (women), and Naha (male). Time teens, Naha wandered into the country side, while Ndoba and Tiliaya live in the kingdom. One time a Portuguese sailing ship stopped at the Port of Gorontalo food ran out, the influence of bad weather, and disruption of a pirate. Their faces to the King Ilato. The meeting produced an agreement, that in order to strengthen the defense and security of the country, will be built or established three forts on the hills Village Dembe, Western District of the City today, namely in 1525. Apparently, the Portuguese captain and only manipulated the forces Ndoba Tiliaya when will repel pirates who are disrupting fishing in pantai.Seluruh people and troops, reinforced Tiliaya Ndoba and four Apitalau, got up and urged the Portuguese to leave the land immediately Portuguese Gorontalo.Para nakhkoda leaving the Port of Gorontalo.Ndoba and Tiliaya appear as two prominent women fighters then immediately surrounding residents prepare to fend off enemy attacks and the possibility of a war that will terjadi.Pasukan Ndoba and Tiliaya, reinforced by the navy, led by the Apitalau or ‘sea captain’, ie Apitalau Lakoro , Pitalau Lagona, Apitalau Lakadjo, and Apitalau Djailani. Around the year 1585, Naha rediscover the third fort. He marry a woman named Ohihiya.Dari this couple was born two sons, namely Thigh (Pahu) and Limonu.Pada time of war against migrants Hemuto or group leader through the north path. Naha and Thigh Hemuto died fighting. Limonu exacting revenge for the death of his father and brother. Naha, Ohihiya, thigh, and a third fort Limonu have utilized as a defensive powerhouse. With the background of the events above, it is the third fort has been immortalized by the name as follows. First, Otanaha. Ota means fortress. Naha is the person who found the fort. Otanaha means fortress discovered by Naha. Second, Otahiya. Ota means fortress. Hiya acronym of the word Ohihiya, Naha Otahiya wife, meaning fortress of Ohihiya. Third Ulupahu.Ulu Uwole acronym of the word, meaning the property of Pahu was the son Naha.Ulupahu Pahu Putra means the fortress of Naha. Otanaha fort, Otahiya, and Ulupahu built around tahun1522 on the initiative of King Ilato and the Portugal captain.

Gorontalo Fort Oranje

Gorontalo Fort Oranje

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=217

In the past, the people living around Fort Oranje were ethnics from Buol, a Gorontalo ethnic group descendants from Gorontalo Kingdom. In the middle of the 15th � 16th centuries, the Europeans who came to Indonesia on their voyage to the East were the Portuguese who occupied the Moluccas and Ternate then also went to Gorontalo through Kwandang. In their efforts to control Gorontalo and to defend it from the pirates from Mindanao in the Philippines, especially on the north coast of Kwandang, the Portuguese built Fort Oranje in 1526. The fort was built to defend against the attacks from the Mindanao pirates who often raided the coastl area of Gorontalo.
The fort has been made of coral and andesite stones, having a rectangular shape measuring 33 x 45.5 meters with a height of 2.5 to 3.5 meters. On the north side, is a structures leaning against the northwest bastion, measuring 4 x 3.5 meters with a 1 x 2 meters door. In the round southeast bastion are 3 embrasures measuring 110 x 80 cm.)

NTT Solor Lohayong Fort Lohayong/Henricus

NTT Solor Lohayong Fort Lohayong/Henricus

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Fort Lohayong or Fort Henricus is made of stone layers with a mixture of lime and sand. The fort faces northeast and there is a bastion in each of its corners. The bastions in the east and south are square; the bastion in the west corner is half a circle and the north bastion cannot be identified as the greater part of its wall has collapsed and the lower part is covered by grass and shrubs. There are two gates at Fort Henricus: in the northeast and in the southwest. At the northeast gate are layers of stones that form the wall and terrace. Similarly in the east and north bastions. The thickness of walls is about 2 meters, and the height is between 0.5 to 4 m. The southeast and southwest walls near the south bastion are relatively intact. The stone layers are still visible, with a height until 4 m. Big trees grow in the north and west bastions, their roots penetrating into the structure cutting the stone layers.
Lohayong village has fairly complete public facilities. In the northeast is Lohayong pier which connects Lohayong village to the relatively densely populated Larantuka Regency town. Akses Menuju Lokasi (Access to location description) Larantuka HarborPier at Lohayong village about 1 hour. The fort is located near the pier. Uraian Tentang Kawasan (Environmental Description 1km radius) Solor island is part of East Flores Regency with Larantuka as the capital. The island is located on the south part of Flores island. There are limited public facilities in Solor island.

http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/asia/indonesia/solor/visit.html

Written by Mark Schellekens. Photos by Mark Schellekens and Greg Wyncoll On January 7th, I paid a visit to the island of Solor off Flores’ North/East coast. My main goal was to have a birdwatching trip on an virtually unknown island combined with a visit to the ruins of the fort. Solor is easily reached from both Flores and nearby Adonara. Direct small boats go early mornings from both Larantuka on Flores and Wairwerang on Adonara to Menanga and Lemakera on Solor. The fort is located in the village of Lohayong (about 3km West of Menanga) on the Eastern part of the island. The site of the fort is sadly overgrown with vegetation and villagers have built houses on the foundations of the fort. Still, several walls are still standing up and the entrance can still be found as well as 2 abandoned cannon. Foundations can easily be traced and some of the walls facing the sea are still standing up. The soil at the site is littered with debris from the fort and pieces of glass with VOC-logo and pieces of Dutch pottery were also found. Before visiting the fort, visitors are asked to sign the guestbook of the mayor of Lohayong and donate a small fee. In the village of Lemakera on the Eastern tip of Solor, there is a collection of 13 Portuguese guns that were left behind. Some women guard the guns and a small fee will be asked if one wants to take pictures of the guns.

Southeast Sulawesi Wanci Wakatobi Fort Liya

Southeast Sulawesi Wanci Wakatobi Fort Liya

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=532

The area around the fort is the dwelling settlement of local people, comprising plain houses. There is a local road of compacted cement, of 1.5 meters wide. In the west the coast is visible; the people earn their living by working in the plantations/yards and as fishermen. Akses Menuju Lokasi (Access to location description) Travel to Wangi Wangi island by Susu Air from Kendari, for about 2 hours. Then proceed from Wanci airport by car for 30 minutes. To reach Fort Liya, travel by motor-cycle, 15 km. From Wanci town toward the south. Uraian Tentang Kawasan (Environmental Description 1km radius) Fort Liya is located on Wangi-Wangi island, south of Wanci town, the capital of Wakatobi Regency – the regency is conducting development activities to become a tourist place that can compete with other tourist places in Indonesia.
FORT LIYA Sejarah (History) It is thought that the fort was built or restored since the reign of Sultan Lang Kari IX in 1712, with the title of Sakiunuddin Darul Alam. The Sultan had 3 sons and 1 daughter; one of the sons was La Ode Ali who was crowned as the First Liya King around 1730. However, it is surmised that since the 11th century there had already been landlords or village heads who were also known as small kings in Liya and the surrounding area. With the centrum in Oroho island. They were descendants of the soldiers of Princess Khan, the first ruler in Butaon island, who lived in Baane Meja Kamaru Mountain.
Liya Fortress conditions in Wakatobi, Sulawesi Tenggara, neglected by much of the damage and age. The community is urging the government restored the fort to preserve the historical value. “In addition, if restored, could be an alternative Liya Citadel interesting attractions in the Wakatobi,” said Chairman of the Forum Family Liya Habiu LM Ali on Friday (04/01/2011) in Kendari. The physical condition of the fort made of natural stone, said Ali, remaining less than 10 percent. Besides age, the fort suffered severe destruction during the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945. “Japan ordered the demolition of the fort and the material used for road foundations and piers,” he said. As a result, building the fort which was as high as 3 meters with a circumference of the outermost 16 km now just leaving the foundation as high as 1 meter. Gates of the fort are also many that have been damaged. Some buildings in the complex, such as Baruga (meeting place) and the cannons of the kingdom, also had weathered and rusted. Liya Citadel is one of the fortress complex owned by the Sultanate of Buton, one of the maritime kingdom in Southeast Sulawesi, which debuted in the 16th century and 17. The fort was located on the island of Wangi-scented, now enter sub-scented fragrance South, Wakatobi. However, based on the testimony Ali, who believes there is a version Liya fort existed long before the Sultanate of Buton stood. “Some historians say Buton, Liya Fortress was built around the 13th century by the first king who is a descendant dynasty Liya Rajasa in Kediri,” he said. This year, Ali adds, there are plans to restore some of Citadel Liya is a project of the Ministry of Public Works. Fund of Rp 2.3 billion of which will be used to repair the fort door 15, Baruga, the establishment of the gate, and the development of arts and cultural center. “The restoration is part Sail Wakatobi preparation for next August,” he said. Contacted separately, head of Makassar BP3 Andi Muhammad Said, who also oversees the area of Southeast Sulawesi, said this month it would reduce the team to perform technical studies Fortress Liya restoration. “The study calculates what should be done, what kind of restoration model, and estimate the costs,” he said. Based on the assessment BP3, Fort Liya very feasible for restoration because in addition to a high historical value is also the potential magnitude of the cultural and historical attractions in the Wakatobi. “However, the restoration was not entirely done by BP3, but is also expected to have contributions from local government,” said Said.

Southeast Sulawesi Wakatobi Taepabu village Fort Baluara

Southeast Sulawesi Wakatobi Taepabu village Fort Baluara

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=528

The fort is located on a stone hill that has been turned into yards by the local people. Along the beach, along Jaya Makmur-Togo Binongko Axis road. North of the fort is Taepabu hamlet where the peoples main source of living is fishing and working in the yards. Akses Menuju Lokasi (Access to location description) To reach Binongko island, by small boat (prau) from Wakatobi Regencey capital Wangi-Wangi (8 hrs). Then continue by motor-cycle for 1.5 hrs from Rukuwa pier. Uraian Tentang Kawasan (Environmental Description 1km radius) Fort Baluara is located in Binongko island, a dry and stony island with beautiful sea garden. Binongko island is the most outer island of Wakatobi groups of islands, with abundant beautiful world famous corals

South Sulawesi Fort Balangnipa

South Sulawesi Fort Balangnipa

http://www.bentengindonesia.org/benteng.php?id=506

Initially, Fort Balangnipa was a defense structure of the kingdoms in Tellunglimpoe; however, in its efforts to conquer Bone Kingdom, the Dutch considered that Sinjay had to be first conquered, especially Bulo-Bulo kingdom the biggest ally of Bone kingdom. Several wars ensued between the Dutch and the kingdoms of Tellunglimpoe. During the war in 1859 the Dutch succeeded to occupy Fort Balangnipa; then in 1864, after it was under the Dutch, Fort Balang Nipa underwent changes: its wall was made from red bricks, sand, lime, cement; its floors from wood and its roof from tiles  those changes were completed in 1868 and the fort then became the seat of Dutch government. During the Japanese occupation, Fort Balangnipa became the headquarters of Japanese Police Force, and was used as the site to conduct military trainings for Sinjai youth. Since it was occupied by the Japanese, Fort Sinjai was not spared during World War II. Near the end of the Japanese occupation in 1945, two buildings inside the fort, one in the south and one in the west, were destroyed by allied bombs. After their defeat, the Japanese left Fort Balangnipa. Until it was deserted by the South Sulawesi Provincial government in 1984/1985, Fort Balangnipa was the Office of the Indonesian Police Force 1444 of Sinjai Regency. (Rian Timadar, 2010)

South Sulawesi Bone Fort Bajoe

South Sulawesi Bone Fort Bajoe

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The surrounding area is a beach area. Near Bajoe market and Bajoe harbour up to the densely populated dwellings. The area is not properly maintained and tends to become an uncontrolled slum area Akses Menuju Lokasi (Access to location description) Fort Bajoe can be reached from Makassar going to Watampone city in a 4-hour drive. The fort is located west of Watampone city, near Bajoe harbour. Uraian Tentang Kawasan (Environmental Description 1km radius) Fort Bajoe is located in the low lands near the shores of Bone Bay, a part of the west coast of South Sulawesi Province. The fort is located west of Watampone city, the capital of Bone Regency. It is a densely populated city with complete public facilities.