Brassia warzcewiczii

Brassia warzcewiczii Warczewicz’s Brassia

Warczewicz's Brassia, Brassia warzcewiczii

Brassia warzcewiczii Rchb. f. 1852 P

Common Name Warczewicz’s Brassia [polish orchid collector in South America 1800’s]

Flower Size 3/4″ [1.8 cm]

Found as a medium to large sized, hot growing epiphyte only in Ecuador below 250 meters in elevation in wet montane forests on large trees with a woody rhizome carrying cylindric, lightly complanate pseudobulbs subtended by several pairs of scarious bracts and 2 apical, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, attenuate to the short petiolate conduplicate base acute leaves with the mid-vein carinate, that blooms on an basal, 13″ [32.5 cm] long, several to many [15 to 40] flowered inflorescence that has 5 to 6 distant bracts, decreasing in size from shaeth at the base and arises on a mature pseudobulb with fragrant flowers reminiscent of pepper with vanilla occuring in the fall and early winter in the northern hemisphere.

Synonyms Brassia helenae Rchb. f. ex Linden 1881; Brassia hexodonta Rchb.f & Wars. 1854; Brassia villosa Lindl. 1853; Oncidium helenae Rchb. f. 1861; Oncidium villosum [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1863

Brassia verrucosa

Brassia verrucosa Warty Brassia


Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

Fragrance, Part sun, Warm To Cool late Spring to early Fall

Common Name The Warty Brassia

Flower Size 6″ or less

This large species is a warm to cool growing epiphyte of open humid, evergreen to semi-deciduous cloud forests on tree trunks and larger branches from altitudes of 900 to 2400 meters that range into Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Peru and Brazil with ovoid-conic, furrowed, slightly laterally compressed pseudobulbs subtended by 1 to 2 foliaceous bracts and has 2, coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate leaves that are conduplicate at the base. It is distinguished from the other Brassia by the green warts on the base of the lip. They flower in the late spring through the early autumn on a basal, to more than 2′ [60 cm] long, erect to arching, inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb which are strongly 2 ranked and many [10 to 20] flowered and are slightly fragrant of black pepper and need regular waterings and fertilizer year round. The lip of B verrucosa when flattened is oblong-obovate and is essentially unlobed and the flowers are smaller than B brachiata. Plants found in Costa Rica, Panama and South America with this name are either B brachiata [Central America] or B bidens [South America].

Synonyms Brassia aristata Lindley 1844; Brassia coryandra C. Morr. 1848; Brassia cowani R.H. Torr. ex Lindl. 1854; Brassia longiloba DC 1848; Brassia odontoglossoides Klotsch & Karst. 1847; Brassia ophioglossoides Klotzsch & Karst.; ; Oncidium verrucosum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1863

Brassia signata

Brassia signata Marked Brassia

Marked Brassia , Brassia signata

Brassia signata Rchb. f. 1881

Common Name The Marked Brassia

Flower Size 4″ [10 cm]

This medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphytic species is found in Guerrero and Oaxaca states of Mexico and Peru? in moist oak and montane rainforests at elevations around 1200 to 2200 meters with oblong to ovate, elongate, laterally compressed pseudobulb partially enveloped basally by 1 to 3 pairs of distichous, imbricating, conduplicate leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying 2, apical, spreading, oblong to oblanceolate, acute, gradually narrowing below into the short, narrow, petiolate base leaves and blooms on a 12″ [30 cm] long, suberect to arching, few to several [2 to 10] flowered inflorescence arising through the leaf sheaths on a newly matured pseudobulb with fragrant flowers occuring in the spring and summer.

Synonyms Brassia mexicana C.Schweinf. 1950; Oncidium signatum Rchb. f. 1881

Brassia neglecta

Brassia neglecta Over-Looked Brassia

Over-Looked Brassia , Brassia neglecta

Brassia neglecta Rchb. f. 1856

Common Name The Over-Looked Brassia

Flower Size 6″ [15 cm] tall

Found from Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia as a medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte in wet montane forests at elevtions of 100 to 1900 meters with narrow compressed pseudobulbs, subtended by 2 to 3 scarious sheaths, carrying 2 to 3 apical, narrowly elliptical, conduplicate belwo into the narrow petiole-like base leaves and blooms on an axillary, 6″ [15 cm] long, suberect to arching, several flowered inflorescence arising on the newest mature pseudobulb occurring in the fall.

Brassia jipijapensis

Brassia jipijapensis Jipijapa Brassia

Jipijapa Brassia , Brassia jipijapensis

Brassia jipijapensis Dodson & N.H. Williams 1980

Common Name The Jipijapa Brassia [Town in Ecuador]

Flower Size 2” wide [5 cm]

Found only in western Ecuador in dry desert-like forests at elevations of 50 to 350 meters as a medium sized, hot growing epiphyte and has a short, creeping rhizome carrying ovate, compressed, longitudinally ribbed, pseudobulbs enveloped basally by 1 or 2 pairs of imbricating, non leaf-bearing sheaths carrying 2, apical, narrowly elliptic, acute, petiolate at the conduplicate base leaves and blooms in the spring on a basal from within the sheaths, stiff, erect, 16 to 20” [40 to 50 cm] long, simple, 7 to 13 flowered inflorescence. This species comes from very dry situations and would benefit from high humidity but little direct water, especially when not growing

Brassia gireoudiana

Brassia gireoudiana Gireoud’s Brassia

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Brassia gireoudiana Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854

Fragrance, Part sun, Cool To Hot late Spring To Fall

Common Name Gireoud’s Brassia [German Gardener 1800’s]

Flower Size To more than 12″ [to more than 30 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in semi-deciduous to evergreen premontane forests as a medium sized, cool to hot growing epiphyte at elevations of 500 to 1000 meters with elliptic-ovoid, laterally compressed pseudobulbs subtended by 2 or more foliaceous bracts with 2, rarely 1, petiolate, subcoriaceous, carinate beneath, elliptic-ovate leaves and blooms on a basal, from the sheath, 1 1/2′ [45 cm] long, arching, many [1 to 15] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly arising pseudobulb with long-lasting, fragrant flowers, occurring in the late spring and fall.

Synonyms Brassia verrucosa subsp. gireoudiana (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Dressler & N.H.Williams 2003; Oncidium gireoudianum (Rchb. f. & Warsz.) Rchb. f. 1863

Brassia chloroleuca

Brassia chloroleuca Green and White Brassia

Green and White Brassia , Brassia chloroleuca

Brassia chloroleuca Barb. Rodr. 1877

Common Name The Green and White Brassia

Flower Size 3 1/4″ x 6 to 7″ [8 cm x 15 to 17.5 cm]

Found in Northern Brazil in low elevation, hot and humid, marshes and tropical forests as a small sized, hot growing epiphyte with smooth, bright green pseudobulbs carrying broad, spreading, condiplicate below into the base leaf that blooms in the summer on a curved, flexuous, terete, to 12″ + [30 cm] long, several flowered inflorescence arising on a newly matured pseudobulb and having several, evenly spaced, pale green bracts along its length .

Brassia caudata

Brassia caudata Tailed Brassia 


Brassia caudata (L.) Lindl. 1824

Fragrance, Part shade, Hot To Warm Spring and Fall

Common Name The Tailed Brassia

Flower Size 1 1/2″ wide and 6″ long [3.75 by 15 cm]

Found from Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guaian, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil as a caespitose, medium sized, hot to warm growing, bifoliate epiphyte occuring at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters in tropical rainforests on exposed tree trunks with cylindric, slightly laterally compressed pseudobulbs subtended by foliaceous bracts and a single elliptic-oblong, coriaceous, carinate abaxially leaves that blooms on an arcuate to pendant, 8 to 10″ [15 to 25 cm] long, many [12] flowered inflorescence arising from the basal axils of a newly mature pseudobulb with fragrant, long-lasting flowers and occurring in the spring and fall.

Synonyms Brassia caudata var. hieroglyphica Rchb. f. 1881; Brassia lewisii Rolfe 1893; Brassia longissima var. minor Schltr. 1922; *Epidendrum caudatum L. 1763; Malaxis caudata (L.) Willd. 1805; Oncidium caudatum (L.) Rchb. f. 1863

Brassia bidens

Brassia bidens Two-Toothed Brassia 

Two-Toothed Brassia  , Brassia bidens

Brassia bidens Lindley 1844

Common Name The Two-Toothed Brassia

Flower Size 1 1/2″ wide [3.75 cm]

Collected in northern Peru but found north to Venezuela, Guyana as well as Brazil at altitudes of 200 to 1200 meters occuring as a medium to large sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or a terrestrial with ellipsoid to oblong, somewhat laterally compressed, light green pseudobulbs that carry, usually 2, apical, oblong to elliptic oblong, subacute, light green leaves. It is a more miniature plant than other Brassia that I am aware and it blooms with a short, axillary, erect raceme with several to many flowers which are only about 3 1/2″ across which is quite small for this genus and arise on a mature pseudobulb.

Synonyms Brassia lanceana var. viridiflora Hook. 1841; Oncidium bidens (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1863

Brassia arcuigera

Brassia arcuigera Arching Brassia

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Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f 1869

Fragrance, Part sun CoolTo Hot LATE Winter and Spring

Common Name The Arching Brassia

Flower Size 9″ long [22.5 cm]

This unifoliate, large sized, hot to cool growing, epiphytic, rarely terrestrial [on embankments] species is found from Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru on both sides of the Andes in premontane rainforests on moss covered trees at altitudes of 200 to 1500 meters with elliptic-oblong, strongly laterally compressed pseudobulb with sharp edges, subtended by 1 to 2 foliaceous sheaths with articulate, subcoriaceous, elliptic, leaves that are conduplicate at the base and blooms in the spring on a basal, lateral to pendulous, bracteate, 2′ [60 cm] long, several to many [6 to 15] flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseddobulb and having fragrant flowers. This species has extremely variable flowers even on the same inflorescence and is mostly distinguished by the single apical leaf and the sharp edges on the flattened pseudobulb.

Synonyms Brassia hinksoniana H.G. Jones 1974; Brassia lawrenceana Lindley var. longissima Rchb.f 1868; Brassia longissima [Rchb.f]Schlechter Nash 1914; Brassia longissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr. in part 1914; Brassia rhizomatosa Garay & Dunst. 1965

Arching Brassia , Brassia arcuigera