Bifrenaria vitellina

Bifrenaria vitellina Yolk-Yellow Bifrenaria

Yolk-Yellow Bifrenaria , Bifrenaria vitellina

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria vitellina (Lindl.) Lindl. 1843 sect Stenocoryne

Common Name The Yolk-Yellow Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1″ [2.5 cm]

This small sized, warm to cool growing epiphytic species is found in south central, coastal Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 600 to 1200 meters and has a sharply four sided, oval pseudobulb carrying a single, apical, leathery leaf that gives rise to a basal, erect to arching, 4 to 8 ” [10 to 20 cm] long, few to several [3 to 8] flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb, occuring in the summer. Cool to warm conditions, high humidity, moderate bright light, and ample water while growing and a lessening in the winter until the new growths arise.

Synonyms Adipe vitellina (Lindl.) M.Wolff 1990; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. vitellina Stein 1892; Maxillaria barbata Knowles & Westc. 1841; *Maxillaria vitellina Lindl. 1838; Stenocoryne vitellina (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1896

Bifrenaria tyrianthina

Bifrenaria tyrianthina Purple Blooming Bifrenaria

Purple Blooming Bifrenaria , Bifrenaria tyrianthina

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria tyrianthina (Loudon) Rchb. f. 1858

Fragrance, Part Shade, Warm to Cool, Spring and early Summer

Common Name The Purple Blooming Bifrenaria

Flower Size up to 3 1/2″ [to 8.75 cm]

Found in Bahia and Minas Gerais States of Brazil at elevations of 1000 to 2000 meters, in an area with a distinct winter dry season as a cool to warm growing epiphyte or lithophyte with broadly ovoid-pyriform, angled, deeply sulcate pseudobulb carrying a single, apical, elliptic-oblong, suberect, subacute or obtuse, thin-textured, plicate leaf. that blooms in the spring and early summer on a basal, racemose, 4″ [7.5 cm] long, erect, rigid inflorescence with 1 to 4, fragrant, fleshy, long-lasting flowers arising on a mature pseudobulb. This species although similar to B harrisoniae is differentiated by it’s long spur that is twice as long as the column and the narrow stipe.

Synonyms Bifrenaria dallemagnei R.H. Torr. 1893; Bifrenaria magnicalcarata [Hoehne Pabst 1976; Bifrenaria tyriantha var. magnicalcarata Hoehne. 1950; *Lycaste tyrianthina Loudon 1850; Maxillaria tyrianthina hort. ex W. Baxter 1850;

Bifrenaria stefanae

Bifrenaria stefanae Stefana’s Bifrenaria 

Stefana's Bifrenaria  , Bifrenaria stefanae

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria stefanae V.P. Castro 1991

Common Name Stefana’s Bifrenaria [Stefana Solacolu – Brazilian Orchid Enthusiast 20th cen.]

Flower Size 3/4″ [2 cm]

Found in the coastal Atlantic forest, in the southeast area of Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 500 to 1200 meters as a small to just medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with conical, four sided, slightly compressed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, elliptic, acuminate leaf and blooms on a basal, racemose, erect, rigid, to 6″ [to 15 cm] long inflorescence that arises in the late summer and early fall in Brazil. Similar to B vittelina, this species differs in having the sepals parrelell to the coulumn and lip, the wider than long midlobe of the lip and the callus that is close to the midlobe instead of close to the claw of the lip as in B vittelina..

Synonyms Adipe stefanae (V.P.Castro) Senghas 1994

Bifrenaria silvana

Bifrenaria silvana Forest-Dwelling Bifrenaria

Bifrenaria-silvana

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria silvana V.P. Castro 1991

Common Name The Forest-Dwelling Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1″ [2.5 cm]

Found in Bahia Brazil in mauntain rainforests at elevations of 500 to 1000 meters as a small sized, cool to warm growing epiphyte with conic-tetragon to circular-tetragon, slightly compressed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate leaf and blooms in the spring on a basal, rigid, racemose, 2 1/5″ [6cm] long, 4 to 6 flowered inflorescence with fragrant flowers

Bifrenaria racemosa

Bifrenaria racemosa  Racemose Bifrenaria

Bifrenaria-racemosa

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria racemosa [Hkr.] Lindl. 1843

Common Name or Meaning The Racemose Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1″ [2.5 cm]

Found in Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Espiritu Santo and Minas Gerais states of Brazil as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with ovoid, compressed, slightly four angled pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, lanceolate, plicate leaf that is condulplicate below and blooms on a basal, racemose, few to several flowered inflorescence arising from a mature pseudobulb and occuring in the summer and fall

Synonyms Adipe fulva Rafin. 1836; Adipe racemosa Rafin 1836; Colax racemosus Spreng 1828; *Maxillaria racemosa Hook 1827; Stenocoryne racemosa [Hook] Kraenzl. 1896; Xylobium racemosum (Hook.) Sweet 1830

Bifrenaria leucorrhoda

Bifrenaria leucorrhoda White-Rose-Red Bifrenaria

White-Rose-Red Bifrenaria , Bifrenaria leucorrhoda

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria leucorrhoda Rchb. f. 1859

Common NameThe White-Rose-Red Bifrenaria

Flower Size 3/4″ [2 cm]

Found in central coastal Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 50 to 1000 meters as a medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with conical, four sided pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, dark green elliptical-ellongate, acuminate leaf that blooms on a mostly erect, 5 to 8 flowered, 12″ [30 cm] long, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb, with waxy, fragrant or not, long-lived flowers that do not open well occuring in the late summer and fall in Brazil.

Synonyms Adipe leucorhoda (Rchb. f.) M. Wolfe 1990; Bifrenaria vitellina var. leucorrhoda Rchb. f. 1855; Stenocoryne leucorrhoda (Rchb. f.) Kraenzl. 1859; Stenocoryne leucorrhoda var macaheensis Brade 1943;

Bifrenaria inodora

Bifrenaria inodora Odorless Bifrenaria

Click to Enlarge !

Bifrenaria-inodora-01-800

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria inodora Lindl. 1843

Common Name The Odorless Bifrenaria

Flower Size 3″ [7.5 cm]

A sometimes fragrant, medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with 4 angled pseudobulbs carrying a single, tough, dark green, plicate leaf that blooms in the late springh through summer in Brazil on a short to 3″ [7.5 cm], basal, racemose, semi-erect, inflorescence with up to 2 heavy, waxy, fragrant or not, long-lasting flowers. Found in Brazil in the southern states of Espiritu Santo to Rio G. do Sul in montane rainforests at elevations of 50 to 1000 meters and in general can be differentiated from other Bifrenaria because of the long midlobe which is twice as long as wide.

Bifrenaria harrisoniae

Bifrenaria harrisoniae Harrison’s Bifrenaria

Harrison's Bifrenaria, Bifrenaria harrisoniae

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855 P

Common Name Harrison’s Bifrenaria [Mrs. Arnold Harrison, English Orchid Enthusaist 1800’s]

Flower Size 3″ [7.5 cm]

This is a medium sized, coastal Brazilian epiphyte or occasional lithophyte in full sun found at 200 to 700 meters that grows warm and needs a dry winter rest after which, one should resume watering as the new growth appears in the spring and then by early summer it will bloom on a short, basal, racemose, semi-erect, shorter than the leaves, bracteate, inflorescence with up to 2 fragrant flowers arising on the most recent pseudobulb and often two inflorescence on each. This beautiful species has broadly ovoid-pyriform, angled, deeply sulcate pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, elliptic-oblong, suberect, subacute or obtuse, thin-textured, plicate leaf.

Synonyms Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. angustior (Lindl.) Cogn. 1902; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. buchananiana Rchb.f 1879; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. citrina (B.S.Williams) Stein 1892; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. eburnea (S.Moore) Stein 1892; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. flavopurpurea Hoehne 1950; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. grandiflora (Paxton) Cogn. 1902; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. insularis Hoehne 1950; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. minor Hoehne 1950; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. pubigera Rchb.f 1879; Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. purpurascens Veitch 1893; Bifrenaria tyrianthina var. albescens Hoehne 1950; Colax grandiflorus Raf. 1836; Colax harrisoniae Lindley 1826; *Dendrobium harrisoniae Hooker 1825; Lycaste citrina B.S. Wms. 1885; Lycaste harrisoniae D.Don ex Louden 1840; Lycaste harrisoniae [Hooker] B.S. Wms.; Lycaste harrisoniae var citrina Watson 1890; Lycaste harrisoniae var. eburnea S.Moore 1884; Maxillaria barringtoiae Hort 1858; *Maxillaria harrisoniae Lindl. 1826; Maxillaria harrisoniae var. angustior Lindl. 1853; Maxillaria harrisoniae var. eburnea S.Moore 1884; Maxillaria harrisoniae var. grandiflora Paxton 1850; Maxillaria pubigera Kl. 1855; Maxillaria spathacea Lindley 1832; Stanhopea harrisoniae G. Don 1846; Stenocoryne harrisoniae [Hkr.] Kraenzl. 1896

Bifrenaria charlesworthii

Bifrenaria charlesworthii Charlesworth’s Bifrenaria

Charlesworth's Bifrenaria , Bifrenaria charlesworthii

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria charlesworthii Rolfe 1894

Fragrant, Part Sun, WarmTo Cool summer Fall

Common Name Charlesworth’s Bifrenaria [Renowned English Orchid Nursury 1800’s]

Flower Size 1″ [2.5 cm]

Found in the Atlantic forest, in Bahia, Espirito Santo and Rio De Janiero State of Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 300 to 1000 meters as a hot to cool growing epiphyte with conical, four sided, slightly compressed psudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, oblong lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous leaves that blooms on a basal, erect, 7″ [18 cm] long 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence with oblong obtuse floral bracts and carrying fragrant flowers and arising in the fall and early winter. This species is similar to B racemosa but this one has a larger flower spur perpendicular to the ovary and a central yellow callus and a pubescent [glabrous in B racemosa] lip.

Synonyms Adipe charlesworthii (Rolfe) M.Wolff 1990; Adipe villosula (Brade) M.Wolff 1990; Stenocoryne charlesworthii [Rolfe] Hoehne 1944; Stenocoryne villosula (Brade) Brade 1950

Bifrenaria calcarata

Bifrenaria  calcarata Rectangular Bulbed Bifrenaria

Rectangular Bulbed Bifrenaria , Bifrenaria calcarata

http://www.orchidspecies.com/

Bifrenaria tetragona (Lindl.) Schltr. 1908 P

Common Name The Rectangular Bulbed Bifrenaria

Flower Size 2 1/4″ [5.5 cm]

Found in the coastal Atlantic forest, in the southeast area of Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 300 to 1200 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing lithophyte in open spaces, usually on rocks with ovoid, 4 angled pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, fleshy, narrowlly elliptic leaf and blooms on a short, racemose, few [3 to 4] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly matured pseudobulb and carrying fragrant [unpleasant] waxy, long-lasting flowers occuring in the spring and summer in Brazil.

Synonyms Bifrenaria calcarata [Vell.] V. P. Castro 1996; Bifrenaria tetragona var rupicola Hoenhe 1950; Bifrenaria tetragona var umbrophila Hoehne 1950; Cydoniorchis tetragona [Lindl] Senghas 1996; Epidendrum calcaratum Vell 1881; Lycaste tetragona Lindl. 1843; *Maxillaria tetragona Lindley 1831;