Anguloa virginalis

Anguloa virginalis Virginal Anguloa 


Anguloa virginalis Linden 1851

Common Name The Virginal Anguloa

Flower Size 1 2/5″ [3.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia as a large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial in deep shade on steep humid hillsides, in wet montane forests at elevations of 1250 to 2400 meters with ovoid to oblong-ovoid, lightly compressed pseudobulbs with 2 pairs of basal sheaths that have apical, evanescent, soon scarious, foliaceous extensions and have 3 to 4 narrow to broadly oblanceolate, acute leaves with stiff ribs and a long attenuate petiole that blooms on a stout, basal, to 10″ [25 cm] long inflorescence with 5 to 7 large bracts and a large, inflated, acuminate floral bract that conceals the ovary all arising on a newly developing pseudobulb and carrying a single, showy, fleshy, pleasingly fragrant flower occuring in the late winter and early spring.

Synonyms Anguloa turneri B.S. Williams. 1885; Anguloa uniflora var. turneri (B.S. Williams) R.H. Torr.


Anguloa uniflora

Anguloa uniflora Single-Flowered Anguloa

Single-Flowered Anguloa , Anguloa uniflora

Anguloa uniflora Ruiz and Pavon 1798

Common Name The Single-Flowered Anguloa

Flower Size 4″ long [10 cm]

A large sized, robust, cold to warm growing terrestrial species with large, ovoid, lightly compressed, deeply furrowed longitudinally, dark green psuedobulbs carrying 2 to 3 deciduous, plicate, broadly elliptic-lanceolate, petiolate, acute-acuminate leaves found at elevations of 1400 to 2500 meters from Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests in deep shade and in deep leaf mold, with clustered, generally dark green with a satiny surface, longitudinally grooved, pseudobulbs enveloped basally by 3 to 5, smaller, leaflike sheaths and carrying 2, apical, plicate, elliptical, leaves that blooms after the deciduous leaves fall in summer until early fall on an erect, 6 to 10″ [15 to 25 cm] long, often 2, inflorescence with 5 to 7 graduated, inflated, large bracts with ovate, acuminate, subinflated floral bracts all arising basally as the new growths appear in the late winter and has a solitary, tulip-like, fleshy, fragrant, long lasting flower held at mid-leaf height. The plant is generally leafless come blooming time so the new growth has the only leaves on the plant.

Synonyms Anguloa mantini hort. 1895; Anguloa uniflora var. treyeranii Rolfe 1891;

Anguloa tognettiae

Anguloa tognettiae Mrs. Tognetti’s Anguloa

 Tognetti's Anguloa, Anguloa tognettiae

Anguloa tognettiae Oakeley 1999

Fragrant, Partial sun, Cool TO Warm Spring

Common Name Mrs. Tognetti’s Anguloa [Venezuelan Orchid Enthusiast current]

Flower Size 1.4 to 2.8″ [3.5 x 7 cm]

Found in Colombia and Venezuela at elevations of 1200 to 2300 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial on steep banks among bushes with dark green, obovoid, spined at abcission point pseudobulbs enveloped in youth by a few smaller basal leaves and carrying 3, pale green, thin, plicate, ribbed leaves that blooms in the spring and arise with the new growth on an erect, [12 t o18 cm] long, 1 to rarely 2 flowered inflorescence carrying fragrant flowers


Anguloa ruckeri

Anguloa ruckeri Rucker’s Anguloa


Anguloa ruckeri Lindl. 1846 Photo courtesy of Oak Hill Gardens and Their Website

Common Name Rucker’s Anguloa [English Orchid Enthusiast 19th cen]

Flower Size 3 1/2″ [9cm]

Found in Colombia and Venezuela at elevations of 900 to 2000 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing orchid with large, dark green, clustered, conical, spiked as in Lycaste apically, slightly compressed pseudobulbs carrying 3, apical, clear-light green, plicate, deciduous, elliptic-lanceolate leaves with basal sheaths that blooms in the spring and summer as the new growths arise on 1 to 4, basal, 8″ [20 cm] long, terete, light green, single flowered inflorescence subtended by several, inflated, ovate, acuminate bracts and an inflated, ovate, acuminate floral bract and has a solitary, tulip-like, fleshy, fragrant, long lasting flower held at mid-leaf height. .

Synonyms Anguloa clowesii var. macrantha B.S.Williams 1894; Anguloa clowesii var. ruckeri (Lindl.) Foldats 1959; Anguloa × macrantha Linden 1855; Anguloa × media Rchb.f. 1881; Anguloa × ruckeri var. albiflora H.J.Veitch 1893; Anguloa × ruckeri var. media Rchb.f. 1886; Anguloa × ruckeri var. wageneri Regel 1854; Anguloa × sanguinea Kikkert 1906

Anguloa hohenlohii

Anguloa hohenlohii Hohenloh’s Anguloa

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Anguloa hohenlohii C.Morren 1853

Common Name Hohenloh’s Anguloa [German Prince Honored for his support of Botanic Studies 1800’s]

Flower Size 4″ [10 cm]

Found in Venezuela and Colombia as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with clustered, ovaid to conical, slightly compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by evanescent sheaths and carrying 3 to 4, deciduous, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, acute, attenuate at both ends, shortly petiolae base leaves that blooms inthe spring and summer on an erect, to 14″ [35 cm] long, single flowered inflorecence enveloped below by several, amplexicaule, inflated, lanceolate to ovate, gradually larger towards the apex bracts and similar floral bracts and carrying a super fragrant flower

Synonyms Anguloa hohenlohii var. macroglossa (Schltr.) Oakeley 1999; Anguloa macroglossa Schltr. 1916; Anguloa purpurea Linden 1881; Anguloa × ruckeri var. sanguinea Lindl. 1854

Hohenloh's Anguloa, Anguloa hohenlohii

Anguloa eburnea

Anguloa eburnea Ivory White Anguloa

Ivory White Anguloa , Anguloa eburnea

Anguloa eburnea B.S. Williams 1868 Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Fragrance, Deep Shade, Warm, cool, Summer

Common Name The Ivory White Anguloa

Flower Size 2″ x 3.4″ [5cm x 8.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru atelevations of 1500 to 2500 meters on open steep slopes as a large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with large dark green, ovoid, slightly rugose pseudobulbs with small spines after leaf-fall carrying 3 to 4 plicate, ribbed, deciduous leaves that blooms in the summer after leaf-fall and as the new growths make their appearance on erect, 7.2″ to 8.8″ [18 to 22 cm] long, with 3 large sheathing bracts and a large cucculate floral bract and carrying a single fragrant flower that smells of Vanilla.

There has been confusion for years over this and Anguloa uniflora, mostly that they are the same species but the major difference is the elongated, diamond shaped midlobe of the lip of this species versus the almost rectangular and smaller midlobe [when viewed from the front] of Anguloa uniflora

Synonyms Anguloa clowesii var. eburnea H.J.Veitch 1893; Anguloa uniflora var. eburnea (B.S. Williams) Rolfe;


Anguloa dubia

Anguloa dubia Doubtful Anguloa 

Doubtful Anguloa, Anguloa dubia

Anguloa dubia Rchb.f. 1882

Fragrance, Deep Shade, Warm, cool ,Spring, Summer

Common Name The Doubtful Anguloa

Flower Size

Found in Colombia at elevations of 1200 to 1800 meters as a medium to large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with dark green, tapering pseudobulbs with small spines after leaf-fall and carrying 3, plicate, leaves that blooms in the spring in Colombia and Summer in cultivcaation in the north on to 6, erect, 6″ [15 cm] long, single flowered inflroescence with 3 to 4 sheathing bracts adn a cucullate floral bract that is longer than the ovary and carrying a very fragrant flower akin to wintergreen.

Anguloa clowesii

Anguloa clowesii Tulip Orchid

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 Cradle , Tulip Orchid , Clowes Anguloa, Anguloa clowesii

Anguloa clowesii Lindley 1844

Common Name Cradle or Tulip Orchid – Clowes Anguloa [English Orchid Enthusiast early 1800’s]

Flower Size 3 1/4″ long [8 cm]

A large terrestrial sometimes epiphytic plant with large, clustered, conical-pyriform, sulcate, slightly compressed psuedo bulbs with 3 to 4, deciduous, apical, plicate, obovate or elliptical, obtuse leaves found at elevations of 1800 to 2500 meters, commonly called the Cradle Orchid, as it has a rocking lip, which is enclosed completely by the sepals and petals as in a tulip which gives the plant it’s other common name the Tulip Orchid. It is found in Colombia and Venezuela at elevations around 1600 meters in the western slope of the Andes next to the Llanos and is a warm to cold growing orchid that has large, waxy, highly fragrant, solitary flowers smelling of wintergreen and chocolate occuring from the spring through the summer on an erect, 12″ [30 cm] long, sheathed, often 2 inflorescence holding the flowers at mid-leaf height that arise basally as the new growths appear in the late winter. It is a deciduous plant and will drop it’s leaves in the fall, at that time less water is needed and fertilizer should be curtailed. Watch out for fungus through the winter if kept too wet!

Synonyms Anguloa clowesii var flava 1847

Anguloa cliftonii

Anguloa cliftonii Clifton’s Anguloa

Anguloa cliftonii Rolfe 1910

Common Name Clifton’s Anguloa [English Orchid Grower -First bloom 18-1900’s]

Flower Size 3 3/4″ across [to 9 cm]

A large, Colombian, warm to cold growing terrestrial species found at elevations of 1000 to 1800 meters that is similar in flower to A. clowesii Lindley but cliftonii has a purplish brown streaked side lobe of the lip, while A. clowesii is uniformly yellow. Blooming in the spring and summer on an erect, long, bracteate, often 2, inflorescence that arise basally as the new growths arise in the late winter with a large, waxy, solitary, fragrant flower. This species has clustered ovoid-oblong pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3, plicate, elliptic-oblong, acuminate, subundulate, attenuate into the base leaves and becomes a large plant.

Synonyms Anguloa cliftonii var alba Oakley 1999; Anguloa cliftonii var concolor Oakley 2008

Clifton's Anguloa, Anguloa cliftonii

Anguloa brevilabris

Anguloa brevilabris Short-Lipped Anguloa

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Anguloa brevilabris Rolfe 1915

Common Name The Short-Lipped Anguloa

Flower Size 2.5″ [6.25 cm]

Found in Colombia and Peru in light woodlands at elevations of 1400 to 1600 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with large, dark green, pseudobulbs occasionally spined after leaf-fall and carrying 4,oblanceolate, plicate leaves that blooms in the summer on 4 to 6″ [10 to 15 cm] long, single flweroed inflorescence with 4 to 6, inflated, sheathing bracts and carrying very fragrant flowers

Synonyms Anguloa goldschmidtiana Schltr. 1916; Anguloa × ruckeri var. retusa Rchb.f. 1883; Anguloa sagittata Summerh. 1931

Short-Lipped Anguloa , Anguloa brevilabris