Angraecum viguieri

Angraecum viguieri Viguier’s Angraecum

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Angraecum viguieri Schlechter 1922

Fragrant, Sunny Warm TO Cool Spring

Common Name Viguier’s Angraecum [French Botanist 1900’s]

Flower Size 5 3/5″ [14 cm]

Found in Madagascar at elevations of 900 to 2300 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to warm growing epiphyhte in almost full day long sun with basal roots and an erect, light green stem carrying 12 to 20, alternate, deep green, strap-shaped, slightly twisted, stiff leaves that have a distinct mid-rib and are almost equally bilobed apically, that blooms in the spring in northern climes and fall in nature with multiple, axillary, 2 3/4″ to 3 2/5″ [7 to 8.5] long inflorescence carring a single, fragrant flower. This is a highly desirable, yet difficult to establish orchid as it resents root disturbance. once established and rooted into a tree fern mount it can bloom at fairly small size, close to 6″ [15 cm] yet can attain a height of 3′ 4″ [100 cm]. The flower is one of the most colorful of the genus and is variable in it’s intensity of white, green, brown and orange as well as being long lasting annd slightly to highly fragrant at night.


Angraecum sesquipedale

Angraecum sesquipedale Comet Orchid

Comet Orchid , Angraecum sesquipedale

Angraecum sesquipedale Thours 1822

Flower Size To 7″ [to 16.5 cm] Spur to 14″ [to 35 cm]

Common Name Comet Orchid

This is a large sized, hot growing species from the island of Madagascar that has 1 to 6 fragrant blooms in the winter on shorter than the leaves, 12″ [30 cm] long, bracteate, axillary inflorescence and is found at altitudes of 100 meters or less on sloping tree trunks and crotches of trees near the seashore and it is consistantly warm and has abundant rainfall year round that produce large, waxy, long-lived, fragrant flowers through the winter and is an evergreen epiphyte that needs even water and fertilizer and thrives if given ample air circulation. It has the common name of the ‘Comet Orchid’. It has rarely straight, many leafed stems with distichous, ligulate, coriaceous, unequally bilobed apically leaves. This species was made famous by Charles Darwin’s prediction that there would be a pollinator aout there that could reach to the bottom of the extremely long spur in the back of the flower. His prediction cam e true with the discovery of a long-tongued hawk moth, Xanthopan morganii praedicta Photo by Tony Watkinson, years later.

Synonyms Aeranthes sesquipedalis[Thou]Lindley 1824; Aeranthus sesquipedalis[Thou]Lindley; Angorchis sesquipedale [Thou]O.Ktze. 1891; Angraecum bosseri Senghas 1973; Angraecum sesquipedale var. angustifolium Bosser & Morat 1972; Macroplectrum sesquipedale [Thou]Rolfe; Macroplectrum sesquipedale[Thou.] Pfitz. 1889; Mystacidium sesquipedale Rolfe 1904

Angraecum scottianum

Angraecum scottianum Scott’s Angraecum


Angraecum scottianum Rchb.f 1878

Fragrant, Partial sun, Hot, Spring, Summer and EARLY Fall

Common Name Scott’s Angraecum [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800’s]

Flower Size To about 4″ [to 10 cm]

This small, hot growing epiphyte with subcylydrical to terete leaves comes from the Comoros Islands and is found at an altitude of 350-600 meters in open exposed areas with erect or pendant, elongated, cylindrical stems with 6 to 8, subcylindrical or terete, subulate, bicarinate, canaliculate leaves that blooms in the spring, summer and early fall on a 4″ [10 cm] long, axillary, slender, mostly ascending raceme with scarious bracts and fragrant, inverted, waxy, sucessively opening flowers with only one open at a time. They like bright light, steady water and fertilizer and can be tree fern plaque mounted or in small wood slat baskets.

Synonyms Angorchis scottiana [Rchb.f] O.Ktze. 1891; Angraecum reichenbachinum Kraenzl. 1890

Angraecum mauritianum

Angraecum mauritianum Mauritius Angraecum

Mauritius Angraecum, Angraecum mauritianum

Angraecum mauritianum [Poir.]Frapp. 1891

Fragrant, Part shade, Hot LATE Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Mauritius Angraecum [Found in the Mascarene Islands]

Flower Size 1 1/2″ [4 cm]

A small to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphytic species found on the islands of Madagascar and the Mascarenes in forests near the ground at elevations of 200 to 1400 meters with a arching to pendant, flattened, branched stem carrying numerous, distichous, oblong-lanceolate leaves that blooms in late summer on a short inflorescence and carrying a solitary pure white, rather fleshy flower.

Synonyms Aeranthes gladiifolia (Thouars) Rchb.f. 1864; Aerobion gladiifolium (Thouars) Spreng. 1826; Angorchis gladiifolia (Thouars) Kuntze 1891; *Angraecum gladiifolium Thouars 1822; Limodorum mauritianum (Poir.) Sw. 1829; Macroplectrum gladiifolium (Thouars) Pfitzer ex Finet 1907; Mystacidium gladiifolium (Thouars) Rolfe 1904; Mystacidium mauritianum (Poir.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894; *Orchis mauritiana Poir. 1798


Angraecum infundibulare

Angraecum infundibulare Funnel-Shaped Angraecum

Funnel-Shaped Angraecum, Angraecum infundibulare

Angraecum infundibulare Lindley 1862

Fragrant, Part shade, Hot Fall and Winter

Common Name or Meaning The Funnel-Shaped Angraecum [Lip]

Flower Size 3 1/2″ maximum horizontally and 6 to 8″ vertically [8.75 cm x 15 to 20 cm]

A large sized, monopodial, hot growing epiphyte from Nigeria, Cameroon, Principe, Congo, Zaire, Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya in hot and humid rainforests at elevations of sea leavel to 1350 meters that has an elongated, leafy, terete, somewhat fractifex, rarely branching stem subtended by leaf sheaths and having roots all along the length carrying, thin textured, narrowly oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms on a pendant, 6 to 8″ [15 to 20 cm] long, bracteate, solitary flowered inflorescence occuring in the fall and winter with long-lasting, strongly fragrant, waxy flowers. Because this species has roots that occur all along the long rambling stem in the leaves, it is best potted with a moss pole [as for climbing indoor plants] so the stem can be tied up until the roots can enter the pole.

Synonyms Angorchis infundubularis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Mystacidium infundibulare [Lindl.] Rolfe 1898

Angraecum germinyanum

Angraecum germinyanum Germiny’s Angraecum

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Angraecum germinyanum Hook. f. 1889

Fragrant, Part shade, Cool TO Cold, Spring and Summer

Common Name or Meaning Germiny’s Angraecum [French count and orchid enthusiast 1800’s]

Flower Size 3 1/2″ [8.75 cm]

Found in Madagascar as a small to medium sized, pendant to scandent, cool to cold growing, monopodial epiphyte with an elongated, slender stem carrying distichous, linear-oblong, bright glossy green, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms with a wiry, 3/4″ [1.9 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence that carries a solitary, fragrant, long-lasting, non-resupinate, waxy flower occuring in the spring and summer.

Synonyms Angraecum bathiei Schltr. 1925; Angraecum ramosum subsp. bidentatum H. Perrier 1941; Angraecum ramosum var. bathiei (Schltr.) H. Perrier 1941; Angraecum ramosum var. peracuminatum H. Perrier 1941; Mystacidium germinyanum (Hook. f.) Rolfe 1904

Germiny's Angraecum , Angraecum germinyanum

Angraecum filicornu

Angraecum filicornu Angraecum with a Thread-Like Spur 

Angraecum with a Thread-Like Spur  , Angraecum filicornu

Angraecum filicornu Thouars 1822

Part shade, Hot TO Warm, Spring, THROUGH, Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Angraecum with a Thread-Like Spur

Flower Size 2/3″ [2cm]

This miniature to small sized, hot to warm growing epiphytic species is found in Eastern Madagascar in rainforests at elevations of 800 to 900 meters with slightly flattened stems carrying several, 2 ranked, thin and grass-like, linear leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on an axillary, short, single flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Aeranthes thouarsii S.Moore 1877; Aerobion filicornu (Thouars) Spreng. 1826

Angraecum expansum

Angraecum expansum Expanded Angraecum

Expanded Angraecum, Angraecum expansum

Angraecum expansum Thouars 1822 S

Part Shade, Warm, Cool, Spring, Summer

Common Name The Expanded Angraecum [English Orchid Collector in Madagascar 1800’s]

Flower Size 1.8″ [4.8 cm]

Found in Reunion in mesothermic forests at elevations of 800 to 2000 meters as a warm to cool growing epiphyte with an erect to curved, simple to branched, basally rooting stem carrying towards the apex of the stem, rigid, dark green, lanceoalte, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an axillary, slender, single flowered [although there is always an aborted second one that never arises from the bract] inflorescence.

Synonyms Aeranthes expansa (Thouars) S.Moore 1877; Aerobion expansum (Thouars) Spreng. 1826; Angraecum expansum subsp. inflatum Cordem.?; Epidorchis expansa (Thouars) Kuntze 1891

Angraecum eburneum

Angraecum eburneum Ivory-Colored Angraecum

Angraecum eburneum Bory 1804

Common Name or Meaning The Ivory-Colored Angraecum

Flower Size 3″ [7.5 cm] Spur 2 3/4″ [7 cm]

Found in Madagascar, the Mascarenes and Reunion as a large to giant sized, erect, hot growing monopodial epiphyte at elevations of sealevel to 750 meters with stout, branched stems carrying 10 to 15, rigid, coriaceous, ligulate, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the early winter in the northern hemispere, on an axillary, ascending or horizontal, to 4′ [120 cm] long, densly many flowered inflorescence with long-lived, inverted or non-resupinate, fragrant, heavily waxy flowers arranged in 2 ranks.

Synonyms Angorchis eburnea (Bory) Kuntze 1891; Angraecum eburneum var. virens (Lindl.) Hook. 1860; Angraecum virens Lindl. 1847; Limodorum eburneum (Bory) Willd. 1805

Ivory-Colored Angraecum , Angraecum eburneum