South Sumatra Sembilang National Park Introduction

Sembilang National Park

Introduction

sembilang

Sembilang National Park comprises peat swamp forest, freshwater swamp forest and riparian forest in the province of South Sumatra.
A wide variety of terrestrial and aquatic plants grow in this Park, including paku gajah (Acrostichum aureum), nipah (Nypa fruticans), cemara laut (Casuarina equisetifolia), pandan (Pandanus tectorius), waru laut (Hibiscus tiliaceus), nibung (Oncosperma tigillaria), jelutung (Dyera costulata), menggeris (Koompassia excelsa), gelam tikus (Syzygium inophylla), Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia alba, and Bruguiera gimnorrhiza.
The coastal and forest areas, particularly in Sembilang and Semenanjung Banyuasin, are a habitat for Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Asian elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), siamang (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), golden cat (Catopuma temminckii temminckii), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor equinus), saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), Sembilang fish (Plotusus canius), giant freshwater turtle (Chitra indica), freshwater dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) and various species of bird.
Huge numbers of migrant birds from Siberia can be seen in Sembilang, reaching a climax in October. The calling of thousands of birds flying in formation can even be heard over the thundering waves of the Bangka Strait.
Other bird species inhabiting this Park include the Asian dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus), spotted greenshank (Pseudototanus guttifer), eastern white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), milky stork (Mycteria cinerea), lesser adjutant stork (Leptoptilos javanicus), and white-winged black tern (Chlidonias leucoptera).
The western part of the Park borders the Berbak National Park in the province of Jambi.
Interesting locations/attractions:
Semenanjung Banyuasin, Sembilang, Benawan Bay, Sekanak Bay, Betet Island: exploring the river and mangrove forest by boat, fishing, and watching animals, migrant birds from Siberia and freshwater dolphins.Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Krakatau Festival each July in Bandar Lampung and the Lake Ranau Festival in December in Oku, South Sumatra.
Best time of year to visit: June to August.
How to reach the Park: Palembang-Sungsang, about 2 hours by chartered motor boat, plus another 2 hours to the location.
A total area of 205,750 hectares
Altitude 0 - 500 m asl.
Flora
* Acrostichum spp.
* Alstonia pneumatophora
* Avicennia alba
* A. marina
* Bruguiera spp.
* Ceriops candoleana
* C. tagal
* Nypa fruticans
* Oncosperma spp.
* Rhizophora apiculata
* R. mucronata
* Shorea spp.
* Sonneratia acida
* S. alba
* Xylocarpus spp.

 

 

Mammals
* Long-tailed macaque - Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque - Macaca nemestrina
* Silvered Leaf Monkey - Trachypithecus cristatus
* Siamang - Hylobates syndactylus
* Clouded leopard - Neofelis nebulosa
* Sumatran tiger - Panthera tigris sumatrae
* Leopard Cat - Prionailurus bengalensis
* Fishing cat - Prionailurus viverrinus
* Eurasian otter - Lutra lutra
* Otter civet - Cynogale bennettii
* Irrawaddy dolphin - Orcaella brevirostris
* Indo-Pacific hump-backed dolphin - Sousa chinensis
* Sumatran elephant - Elephas maximus
* Malayan tapir - Tapirus indicus
* Sambar - Cervus unicolor
* Bearded pig - Sus barbatus
* Wild boar - Sus scrofa Reptiles
* Estuarine Crocodile - Crocodylus porosus
Birds
* Lesser Whistling-Duck - Dendrocygna javanica
* White-winged Duck - Cairina scutulata
* Indonesian Teal - Anas gibberifrons
* Sunda Woodpecker - Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Greater Flameback - Chrysocolaptes lucidus
* Helmeted Hornbill - Buceros vigil
* White-crowned Hornbill - Aceros comatus
* Wrinkled Hornbill - Aceros corrugatus
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon - Ducula bicolor
* Black-tailed Godwit - Limosa limosa
* Bar-tailed Godwit - Limosa lapponica
* Whimbrel - Numenius phaeopus
* Eurasian Curlew - Numenius arquata
* Far Eastern Curlew - Numenius madagascariensis
* Common Redshank - Tringa totanus
* Marsh Sandpiper - Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank - Tringa nebularia
* Terek Sandpiper - Tringa cinerea
* Common Sandpiper - Tringa hypoleucos
* Ruddy Turnstone - Arenaria interpres
* Nordmann's Greenshank - Tringa guttifer
* Asian Dowitcher - Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Great Knot - Calidris tenuirostris
* Red Knot - Calidris canutus
* Rufous-necked Stint - Calidris ruficollis
* Curlew Sandpiper - Calidris ferruginea
* Pacific Golden-Plover - Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover - Pluvialis squatarola
* Mongolian Plover - Charadrius mongolus
* Greater Sand Plover - Charadrius leschenaultii
* Gull-billed Tern - Sterna nilotica
* Caspian Tern - Sterna caspia
* Whiskered Tern - Chlidonias hybridus
# White-winged Tern - Chlidonias leucopterus
# Brahminy Kite - Haliastur indus
# White-bellied Fish-Eagle - Haliaeetus leucogaster
# Grey-headed Fish-Eagle - Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
# Crested Serpent-Eagle - Spilornis cheela
# Greater Spotted Eagle - Aquila clanga
# Oriental Darter - Anhinga melanogaster
# Little Egret - Egretta garzetta
# Chinese Egret - Egretta eulophotes
# Pacific Reef-Egret - Egretta sacra
# Grey Heron - Ardea cinerea
# Great-billed Heron - Ardea sumatrana
# Purple Heron - Ardea purpurea
# Great Egret - Casmerodius albus
# Intermediate Egret - Mesophoyx intermedia
# Striated Heron - Butorides striatus
# Black-headed Ibis - Threskiornis melanocephalus
# Spot-billed Pelican - Pelecanus philippensis
# Milky Stork - Mycteria cinerea
# Storm's Stork - Ciconia stormi
# Lesser Adjudant - Leptoptilos javanicus