Aegithina tiphia

Aegithina tiphia ,Common Iora , Cipoh Kacat

Aegithina-tiphia

The smallest in their family, these birds are so successful because of their varied diet. They eat mainly insects. Restless, active hunters, Common Ioras search for insects from leaves in the upper storeys of trees, sometimes even hanging upside down from branches. They may also catch insects on the wing. Occasionally, they may eat fruits such as the berries of epiphytes growing in tall trees (e.g., mistletoe). They feed in pairs or small groups. Like other Ioras, they are noisy and active, and may sing almost all the time.

Breeding: During breeding season (April-June), the male becomes even brighter yellow. He performs an acrobatic courtship display, darting up into the air fluffing up all feathers, especially those on the rump, then spiralling down to the original perch. Once he lands, he spreads his tail like a little peacock, drooping his wings. All to the accompaniment of whistles and chirrups.

The Common Iora's nest is carefully built on the fork at the end of branch of a small tree. It is small, loose, deep, cup-shaped. It is made out of grass and other fibres felted together and plastered with spider webs on the outside. Usually 3 greenish white eggs are laid. They are pale buff with red-brown spots and blotches.

Originally mangrove birds, they are now also found in scrub, cultivated areas and gardens. In fact, they are now found in almost all kinds of habitats, except the deep forest.